The black settlers of Alberta

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John Ware was one of the first blacks in Alberta before it was even a province. A well-known cowboy he’s credited with introducing long-horn cattle to the province. But not much has been taught about the many black settlers who followed in later years. Debbie Beaver is working to change that. Photo Credit: Canada Post

RADIO CANADA INTERNATIONAL | Marc Montgomery |

It is little known fact even within Canada that there was a small but vibrant group of black settlers in the western prairie province of Alberta.

They weren’t really part of the well-known “Underground Railroad” but nonetheless were leaving behind discrimination in the US.

Some blacks had arrived in the late 1880’s but settlers really only began to arrive in the still mostly untamed province in the early 1900’s

Where they settle mostly in four small villages

Deborah Beaver is a financial assistant in the Department of Psychology at the University of Alberta. Listen to the interview.

Debbie Beaver helped create the group *In their Own Words* to collect the stories and memories of elderly members of the black community so those stories won’t be lost © Geoff McMaster U Ab

Ms Beaver is a fourth generation Albertan, and a descendant of slaves, her paternal great Grandparents having to “break the sod” of the prairies and literally dig out a tiny home to be covered with logs  for the first year of life in Canada.

Often Ms Beaver is asked where she’s from, not knowing that her family has been here for generations. To help educate fellow Albertans and other Canadians, even later coming Caribbean-Canadians, and African-Canadians, she and others formed a non-profit group called “In Their Own Words”.

The group collects interviews with elderly black Albertans about their lives and histories in earlier Alberta in order to preserve that history for present and future generations.

The Benton School was built at a time when the black children were not wanted in the other school in the area. So eventually it was decided to build a school which was to be segregated but was integrated because of the other immigrant families in the area. Benton School Historical Society has an event about every 10 years and there is a commemorative bench at the site near Campsie. © supplied

The attitude of hard work and drive resonated through the generations with many later generations going on to great success.

One example is jazz singer Eleanor Collins who became the first regular black host of a national TV programme, beating American Nat King Cole for the honour by over a year.

Eleanor Collins, descendant of the first black settlers in Alberta, starred in her own national TV show, a year before Nat King Cole in the US. Shown here with the Chris Gage Trio at CBUT-TV. Vancouver © Alvin Armstrong, CBC Vancouver Still Photo Collection

Ms Beaver also points out it is important for people in Alberta and elsewhere to understand that the black community comes from vastly different sources and often vastly different cultures.

She says there are those who are firmly Canadian and whose families have been here for many generations, others came in the 1960’s from the Caribbean with slight differences among such places as Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad or Bahamas for example, while recently others have come from various cultures and countries in Africa.

Premier Rachel Notley (center) surrounded by various Ministers and politicians and members from Alberta’s black communities at the provincial legislature where Black History Month was officially recognized by the province © Alberta Gov’t

Although recognized federally, this year Black History Month was rather special in Alberta as the province become the fourth province to give official recognition.

For Ms Beaver, it’s important that the realization of how blacks helped in the early development of the country gets wider recognition and her group would like to get that information included in the provincial school curriculum.

Photo of Ms Beaver’s great-grandparents. Willis lived to the age of 100 and is buried in Amber Vally, Alberta site of one of the original mostly black villages. © supplied

She also hoping to produce a documentary film on early black settlers and is working on creation of and exhibit for the Royal Alberta Museum later this year.

“These stories need to continue to be told, preserved and passed down to the future generations, as this is an important piece of Canadian history,” she said.

With files from Geoff McMaster-University of Alberta

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