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Discovering Canada

  • Population: 34 880 500
  • Land area: 9 984 670,00 km2
  • Density: 3,7 pop/km2

Canada

A mari usque ad mare -
From sea to sea

    • Canada is composed of 10 provinces and 3 Territories

    • Political system: Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy

    • Governor General:
      David Lloyd Johnston

    • Prime Minister: Stephen Harper

    • Capital: Ottawa

    • Other big cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and Calgary

    • Official languages: English and French

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym): Canadians

    // Canada 1 of 5
    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): July 1

    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      N/A

    • Borders:
      Two land borders with the U.S., to the south and to the northwest (Alaska). Maritime boundaries with France (St. Pierre and Miquelon) and Denmark (Greenland)

    • Time zone:
      See provinces

    • Climate:
      See provinces

    • Population: 34 880 500

    // Canada 2 of 5
    • Land area (square kilometres):
      9 984 670,00

    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      3,7

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 79 years / Women 83 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (21 457 075), French (6 827 865), Punjabi (317 075), Chinese (297 295) and Cantonese (288 620)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians, English, French, Scottish and Irish

    // Canada 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Muslim

    • Main universities:
      McGill University (Montreal), University of British Columbia (Vancouver), University of Toronto (Toronto), University of Alberta (Edmonton) and University of Montreal (Montreal)

    • Natural resources:
      See provinces

    // Canada 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Magdalen Islands, Niagara Falls, National Parks of Canada, Natural sites (rivers, mountains) and Canadian Rockies

    • Official government site:
      http://canada.gc.ca/home.html

    // Canada 5 of 5
  • Population: 4 622 600
  • Land area: 944 735,00 km2
  • Density: 4,8 hab/km2

British Columbia

Splendor Sine Occasu -
Splendour without diminishment

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point and Premier Christy Clark

    • Capital: Victoria

    • Other big cities: Vancouver, Surrey, Burnaby and Richmond

    • Official languages: English

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      British Columbians

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): First Monday in August (British Columbia Day)

    // British Columbia 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 20, 1871

    • Borders: Alaska to the northwest, Yukon and the Northwest Territories to the north, Alberta to the east, and Washington, Idaho and Montana to the south

    • Time zone: UTC -8 and -7

    • Climate: Western mountain and maritime climate. In north: Cold, snowy winters. Southern Vancouver Island: Temperate climate

    • Population: 4 622 600

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      944 735,00

    // British Columbia 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      4,8

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 80 years / Women 84 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (3 506 595), Punjabi (137 390), Cantonese (103 550), Chinese (81 270) and Mandarin (78 070)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English, Scottish, Canadians, Irish and German

    // British Columbia 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox), Buddhist and Sikh

    • Main universities:
      Simon Fraser University (Burnaby), University of British Columbia (Vancouver), University of Victoria (Victoria), Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Richmond) and Thompson Rivers University (Kamloops)

    • Natural resources:
      Forests, Copper, Molybdenum, Coal and Fish

    // British Columbia 4 of 5
  • // British Columbia 5 of 5
  • Population: 3 873 700
  • Land area: 661 848,00 km2
  • Density: 5,7 hab/km2

Alberta

Fortis et Liber - Strong and free

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor Donald Stewart Ethell and Premier Alison Redford

    • Capital: Edmonton

    • Other big cities:
      Calgary, Red Deer, Lethbridge and Fort McMurray

    • Official languages: English

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Albertans

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): Third Monday in February (Family Day, Alberta)

    // Alberta 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      September 1, 1905

    • Borders:
      British Columbia to the west, Saskatchewan to the east, Montana to the south and the Northwest Territories to the north

    • Time zone:
      UTC -7

    • Climate:
      Dry continental climate with hot summers and cold winters

    • Population: 3 873 700

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      661 848,00

    // Alberta 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      5,7

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 79 years / Women 83 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (3 095 250), Punjabi (38 215), German (35 485), Tagalog (Pilipino) (33 190) and Chinese (32 395)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English, German, Canadians, Scottish and Irish

    // Alberta 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Muslim

    • Main universities:
      Athabasca University (Athabasca), University of Alberta (Edmonton), University of Calgary (Calgary), Grant MacEwan University (Edmonton) and Mount Royal University (Calgary)

    • Natural resources:
      Natural gas, Oil, Coal, Iron and Sand

    // Alberta 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Banff National Park, Royal Tyrrell Museum, Winspear Centre, Edmonton Symphony and Dinosaur Provincial Park

    • Official government site:
      http://alberta.ca/index.cfm

    // Alberta 5 of 5
  • Population: 1 080 000
  • Land area: 651 036,00 km2
  • Density: 1,8 hab/km2

Saskatchewan

Multis E Gentibus Vires - From many peoples strength

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State: Lieutenant-Governor Vaughn Schofield and Premier Brad Wall

    • Capital: Regina

    • Other big cities: Saskatoon, Estevan, Flin Flon and Humboldt

    • Official languages: English

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Saskatchewanians

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): First Monday in August (Saskatchewan Day)

    // Saskatchewan 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      September 1, 1905

    • Borders: The Northwest Territories to the north, bounded by the 60th parallel; the southern border with the United States runs along the 49th parallel

    • Time zone: UTC -6

    • Climate: Temperate continental climate in centre and east. Semiarid steppe climate in south and southwest. Subarctic climate in north

    • Population: 1 080 000

    // Saskatchewan 2 of 5
    • Land area (square kilometres):
      651 036,00

    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      1,8

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 77 years / Women 82 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (938 170), Cree (10 970), Dene (6 205), French (4 295) and Chinese (3 690)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      German, English, Scottish, Canadians and Irish

    // Saskatchewan 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Buddhist

    • Main universities:
      First Nations University of Canada (Regina), University of Regina (Regina) and University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon)

    • Natural resources:
      Oil, Potassium, Uranium, Gold and Silver

    // Saskatchewan 4 of 5
  • // Saskatchewan 5 of 5
  • Population: 1 267 000
  • Land area: 647 797,00 km2
  • Density: 2,2 hab/km2

Manitoba

Gloriosus et Liber -
Glorious and free

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor Philip Lee and Premier Greg Selinger

    • Capital: Winnipeg

    • Other big cities: Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Churchill and Le Pas

    • Official languages: English, French

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Manitobans

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): Third Monday in February (Louis Riel Day)

    // Manitoba 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 15, 1870

    • Borders: Saskatchewan to the west, Nunavut to the north, Ontario to the east and North Dakota and Minnesota to the south

    • Time zone: UTC -6

    • Climate: Continental climate

    • Population: 1 267 000

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      647 797,00

    // Manitoba 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      2,2

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 77 years / Women 82 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (1 007 325), German (27 180), Tagalog (Pilipino) (18 775), French (17 950) and Punjabi (7 360)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English, German, Scottish, Canadians and Ukrainian

    // Manitoba 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Muslim

    • Main universities:
      University of Manitoba (Winnipeg), University of Winnipeg (Winnipeg), Brandon University (Brandon), Canadian Mennonite University (Winnipeg) and University College of the North

    • Natural resources:
      Copper, Zinc, Nickel, Gold and Fish

    // Manitoba 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Manitoba Museum, Winnipeg Eskimo Museum, Churchill Royal Canadian Mint, Winnipeg Grand Beach Provincial Park, Winnipeg Art Gallery and Winnipeg

    • Official government site:
      http://www.gov.mb.ca/index.html

    // Manitoba 5 of 5
  • Population: 13 505 900
  • Land area: 1 076 395,00 km2
  • Density: 14,1 hab/km2

Ontario

Ut incepit fidelis sic permanet - Loyal she began, loyal she remains

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor David Onley and Premier Kathleen Wynne

    • Capital: Toronto

    • Other big cities: Ottawa, London, Mississauga and Windsor

    • Official languages: English and French

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Ontarians

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): First Monday in August

    // Ontario 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1, 1867

    • Borders: Hudson Bay to the north, Quebec to the east, Manitoba to the west and Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York to the south

    • Time zone: UTC -5 and -6

    • Climate: Generally temperate climate

    • Population: 13 505 900

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      1 076 395,00

    // Ontario 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      14,1

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 79 years / Women 84 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (10 044 810), French (284 115), Cantonese (147 795), Chinese (135 665) and Punjabi (124 100)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English, Canadians, Scottish, Irish and French

    // Ontario 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Muslim

    • Main universities:
      University of Toronto (Toronto), York University (Toronto), University of Ottawa (Ottawa), Ryerson University (Toronto) and University of Western Ontario (London)

    • Natural resources:
      Copper, Nickel, Gold and Platinum

    • Main tourist attractions:
      Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO), Hockey Hall of Fame, CN Tower and Royal Ontario Museum

    // Ontario 4 of 5
  • // Ontario 5 of 5
  • Population: 8 054 800
  • Land area: 1 542 056,00 km2
  • Density: 5,8 hab/km2

Quebec

Je me souviens (I remember)

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne and Premier Pauline Marois

    • Capital: Quebec City

    • Other big cities: Quebec City, Gatineau, Saguenay and Trois-Rivières

    • Official languages: French

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Quebeckers

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): June 24 (Feast of St. John the Baptist)

    // Quebec 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1, 1867

    • Borders: Land, river and maritime boundaries with four northeastern states (Maine, New Hampshire, New York and Vermont), three provinces (Ontario, New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador) and a federal territory (Nunavut)

    • Time zone: UTC -5 and -4

    • Climate: Four climate zones: arctic, subarctic, humid continental and eastern maritime

    • Population: 8 054 800

    // Quebec 2 of 5
    • Land area (square kilometres):
      1 542 056,00

    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      5,8

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 79 years / Women 83 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      French (6 249 080), English (767 415), Spanish (88 380), Arabic (72 955) and Italian (39 540)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians, French, Irish, Italian and English

    // Quebec 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Muslim and Jewish

    • Main universities:
      University of Montreal (Montreal), University of Quebec at Montreal (Montreal), Concordia University (Montreal), Laval University (Quebec City) and McGill University (Montreal)

    • Natural resources:
      Forests, Hydropower, Zinc, Gold, Iron ore and Titanium dioxide

    // Quebec 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Old Quebec City, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Gatineau, Old Montreal, Montreal Botanical Garden, Mount Royal, Montreal, La Mauricie National Park of Canada, St. Mathieu du Parc

    • Official government site:
      http://www.gouv.qc.ca/portail/quebec/pgs/commun/?lang=en

    // Quebec 5 of 5
  • Population: 756 000
  • Land area: 72 908,00 km2
  • Density: 10,5 hab/km2

New Brunswick

Spem reduxit - Hope restored

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor Graydon Nicholas and Premier David Alward (Progressive-Conservative)

    • Capital: Fredericton

    • Other big cities: Moncton, Edmunston and Saint John

    • Official languages: English, French

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      New Brunswickers

    // New Brunswick 1 of 5
    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): First Monday in August (New Brunswick Day)

    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1, 1867

    • Borders: Maine to the west, Quebec to the northwest and Nova Scotia to the southeast

    • Time zone: UTC -4

    • Climate: Continental climate

    • Population: 756 000

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      72 908,00

    // New Brunswick 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      10,5

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 78 years / Women 83 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (512 110), French (209 885), Korean (1 580), Mi'kmaq (1 025) and Chinese (845)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians, French, English, Irish and Scottish

    // New Brunswick 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox), Muslim and Jewish

    • Main universities:
      University of New Brunswick (Fredericton and Saint John), University of Moncton (Moncton), St. Thomas University (Fredericton), Crandall University (Moncton) and Mount Allison University (Sackville)

    • Natural resources:
      Gold, Silver, Copper, Zinc and Nickel

    // New Brunswick 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Hopewell Rocks, Roosevelt Campobello International Park, Campobello Island, Acadian Historical Village, Caraquet, Kings Landing Historical Settlement, Lower Prince William, New Brunswick Botanical Garden and Edmundston

    • Official government site:
      http://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en.html

    // New Brunswick 5 of 5
  • Population: 948 700
  • Land area: 55 284,00 km2
  • Density: 17,4 hab/km2

Nova Scotia

Munit Haec et Altera Vincit - One defends and the other conquers

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis and Premier Darrell Dexter

    • Capital: Halifax

    • Other big cities: Truro, Sydney, Amherst and Wolfville

    • Official languages: English, French and Gaelic

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Nova Scotians

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): First Monday in August

    // Nova Scotia 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1, 1867

    • Borders: The Bay of Fundy, Northumberland Strait and the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the northwest, New Brunswick to the west, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland to the northeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, south and west.

    • Time zone: UTC -4

    • Climate: Humid continental climate

    • Population: 948 700

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      55 284,00

    // Nova Scotia 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      17,4

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 78 years / Women 82 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (868 765), French (15 935), Arabic (3 495), Mi'kmaq (2 770) and Chinese (1 985)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians, Scottish, English, Irish and French

    // Nova Scotia 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Muslim

    • Main universities:
      Dalhousie University (Halifax), St. Mary's University (Halifax), St. Francis Xavier University (Antigonish), Acadia University (Wolfville) and Cape Breton University (Sydney)

    • Natural resources:
      Fish, Gypsum, Salt, Silica and Forests

    // Nova Scotia 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Cape Breton Highlands National Park, Ingonish, Cabot Trail, Cape Breton Island, Ocean Explorations Whale Cruises, Tiverton, Halifax Public Gardens and Halifax

    • Official government site:
      http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/access/

    // Nova Scotia 5 of 5
  • Population: 146 100
  • Land area: 5 660,00 km2
  • Density: 24,7 hab/km2

Prince Edward Island

Parva Sub Ingenti - The small protected by the great

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Hagerman and Premier Robert Ghiz

    • Capital: Charlottetown

    • Other big cities: Alberton, Cornwall, Georgetown and Kensington

    • Official languages: English

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Islanders

    // Prince Edward Island 1 of 5
    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): First Monday in August

    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1, 1873

    • Borders: The Gulf of St. Lawrence to the north and Northumberland Strait the other sides

    • Time zone: UTC -4

    • Climate: Humid continental climate

    • Population: 146 100

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      5 660,00

    // Prince Edward Island 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      24,7

    • Life expectancy:
      Men 78 years / Women 83 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (132 200), French (2 465), Chinese (1 080), Mandarin (245) and Persian (Farsi) (165)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Scottish, Canadians, English, Irish and Français

    // Prince Edward Island 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Muslim

    • Main universities:
      University of Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown)

    • Natural resources:
      Fish, Potatoes and Forests

    // Prince Edward Island 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Confederation Centre of the Arts, Charlottetown Basin Head Provincial Park, Souris, Prince Edward Island National Park, College of Piping and Celtic Performing Arts of Canada, Summerside, Province House National Historic Site of Canada and Charlottetown

    • Official government site:
      http://www.gov.pe.ca/

    // Prince Edward Island 5 of 5
  • Population: 512 700
  • Land area: 405 212,00 km2
  • Density: 1,4 hab/km2

Newfoundland and Labrador

Quaerite Primum Regnum Dei - Seek ye first the kingdom of God

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State: Lieutenant-Governor John Crosbie and Premier Kathy Dunderdale

    • Capital: St. John's

    • Other big cities: Corner Brook and Mount Pearl

    • Official languages: English

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Newfoundlanders, Labradorians

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): N/A

    // Newfoundland and Labrador 1 of 4
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      March 31, 1949

    • Borders: The main land border is with Quebec; short boundary with Nunavut on Killiniq Island in the far north of Labrador

    • Time zone: UTC -3:30

    • Climate: Polar and subarctic climate

    • Population: 512 700

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      405 212,00

    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      1,4

    // Newfoundland and Labrador 2 of 4
    • Life expectancy:
      Men 77 years / Women 81 years

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (502 475), Innu/Montagnais (1 875), French (1 140), Chinese (580) and Arabic(365)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians, English, Irish, Scottish and French

    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox), Muslim and Hindu

    // Newfoundland and Labrador 3 of 4
    • Main universities:
      Memorial University of Newfoundland (St. John's)

    • Natural resources:
      Iron ore, Gold, Copper, Zinc and Cobalt

    • Main tourist attractions:
      Gros Morne National Park, Rocky Harbour, East Coast Trail, St. John's Prime Berth Fishing Museum, Twillingate, Signal Hill, St. John's Johnson Geo Centre and St. John's

    • Official government site:
      http://www.gov.nl.ca/

    // Newfoundland and Labrador 4 of 4
  • Population: 36 100
  • Land area: 482 443,00 km2
  • Density: 0,1 hab/km2

Yukon

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State: Commissioner Douglas George Phillips and Premier Darrell Pasloski

    • Capital: Whitehorse

    • Other big cities: Dawson City (community), Watson Lake (community), Old Crow (community) and Haines Junction (community)

    • Official languages: English, French

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Yukoners

    // Yukon 1 of 5
    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): Third Monday in August (Discovery Day)

    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      June 13, 1898

    • Borders: Alaska over 1,210 km to the west, British Columbia along the 60th parallel to the south and the Northwest Territories to the east, more or less along the divide between the watersheds of the Yukon and the Mackenzie and the Beaufort Sea to the north

    • Time zone: UTC -8

    • Climate: Polar and subarctic climate

    // Yukon 2 of 5
    • Population: 36 100

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      482 443,00

    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      0,1

    • Life expectancy:
      No data

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (31 025), French (81), Tagalog (Pilipino) (240), German (215) and Spanish(100)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English, North American Indian, Scottish, Canadians and Irish

    // Yukon 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Buddhist

    • Main universities:
      Yukon School of Visual Arts (postsecondary educational institution) and Yukon College (postsecondary educational institution)

    • Natural resources:
      Copper, Gold and Silver

    // Yukon 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Miles Canyon, Whitehorse Yukon Wildlife Preserve, Whitehorse MacBride Museum, Whitehorse Dawson City Museum, Whitehorse Fishway and Whitehorse

    • Official government site:
      http://www.gov.yk.ca/

    // Yukon 5 of 5
  • Population: 43 300
  • Land area: 1 346 106,00 km2
  • Density: 0 hab/km2

Northwest Territories

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Commissioner George Tuccaro and Premier Floyd Roland

    • Capital: Yellowknife

    • Other big cities: Hay River (community), Inuvik (community), Fort Smith (community) and Behchoko (community)

    • Official languages: English, Chipewyan, Cree, French, Gwich'in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tlicho

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    // Northwest Territories 1 of 4
    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Northwest Territorians

    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): National Aboriginal Day

    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 15, 1870

    • Borders: Yukon to the west and Nunavut the east; to the south, the 60th parallel marks the boundary with the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan; the Arctic Ocean bounds it to the north

    • Time zone: UTC -7

    • Climate: Polar and subarctic climate

    // Northwest Territories 2 of 4
    • Population: 43 300

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      1 346 106,00

    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      0

    • Life expectancy:
      No data

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (36 485), French (550), Tagalog (Pilipino) (295), Dene (170) and Vietnamese (145)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      North American Indian, English, Canadians, Scottish and Irish

    // Northwest Territories 3 of 4
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox), Muslim and Buddhist

    • Main universities:
      Aurora College (postsecondary educational institution)

    • Natural resources:
      Gold, Diamonds, Natural gas and Oil

    • Main tourist attractions:
      Aurora Village, Yellowknife Cameron River Falls Trail, Yellowknife Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre and Yellowknife Wood Buffalo National Park

    • Official government site:
      http://www.gov.nt.ca/

    // Northwest Territories 4 of 4
  • Population: 33 700
  • Land area: 2 093 190,00 km2
  • Density: 0 hab/km2

Nunavut

Nunavut Sannginivut Inuktitut - Inuktitut: Our land, our strength

    • Political system:
      Parliamentary democracy

    • Head of State:
      Commissioner Edna Elias and Premier Eva Aariak

    • Capital: Iqaluit

    • Other big cities: Arviat (community) and Cape Dorset (village)

    • Official languages: Inuit (Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun), English and French

    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)

    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Nunavummiuq (sing.), Nunavummiut (pl.)

    // Nunavut 1 of 5
    • National/Provincial holiday (or equivalent): July 9 (Nunavut Day)

    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      April 1, 1999

    • Borders: The Northwest Territories to the west and Manitoba to the south; short land boundary with Newfoundland and Labrador to the east on Killiniq Island

    • Time zone: UTC -4, -5, -6 and -7

    • Climate: Polar climate

    • Population: 33 700

    • Land area (square kilometres):
      2 093 190,00

    // Nunavut 2 of 5
    • Population density (per square kilometre):
      0

    • Life expectancy:
      No data

    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      Inuktitut (16 490), English (14 440), French (245), Tagalog (Pilipino) (60), Innu/Montagnais (20) and Spanish (20)

    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Inuit, Scottish, English, Irish and Canadians

    // Nunavut 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and Muslim

    • Main universities:
      Nunavut Arctic College (postsecondary educational institution)

    • Natural resources:
      Gold, Zinc, Copper, Lead and Diamonds

    • Main tourist attractions:
      Legislative Assembly of Nunavut, Iqaluit Auyuittuq National Park, Baffin Island, Mallikjuak Island Territorial Park, Cape Dorset, Killiniq Island and Ellesmere Island

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  • // Nunavut 5 of 5