Discovering Canada

  • Population: 36 286 400
  • Land area: 9 984 670 km2
  • Density: 3,9 Pop/km2

Canada

A mari usque ad mare
From sea to sea

    • Canada is composed of 10 provinces and 3 Territories
    • Political system: Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy
    • Governor General:  David Lloyd Johnston
    • Prime minister: Justin Trudeau
    • Capital: Ottawa
    • Other big cities:
      Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary
    • Official languages: English and French
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym): Canadians
    • National holiday: Canada Day (July 1st)
    Canada 1 of 5
    • Borders:
      • Two land borders with the U.S.,
        • to the south and
        • to the northwest (Alaska).
      • Maritime boundaries
        • with France (St. Pierre and Miquelon) and
        • Denmark (Greenland)
    • Time zone: See provinces
    • Climate: See provinces
    Canada 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 83 years • Men 79 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (21 457 075)
      French (6 827 865)
      Punjabi (317 075)
      Chinese (297 295)
      Cantonese (288 620)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians
      English
      French
      Scottish
      Irish
    Canada 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic
      Protestant
      Orthodox
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox)
      Muslim
    • Main universities:
      McGill University (Montreal),
      University of British Columbia (Vancouver),
      University of Toronto (Toronto),
      University of Alberta (Edmonton)
      University of Montreal (Montreal)
    • Natural resources: See provinces
    Canada 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Magdalen Islands
      Niagara Falls
      National Parks of Canada
      Natural sites (rivers, mountains)
      Canadian Rockies
    Canada 5 of 5
  • Population: 4 622 600
  • Land area: 944 735 km2
  • Density: 4,8 pop./km2

British Columbia

Splendor Sine Occasu
Splendour without diminishment

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: Judith Guichon
    • Premier: Christy Clark
    • Capital: Victoria
    • Other big cities:
      Vancouver, Surrey, Burnaby, Richmond
    • Official languages: English
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym):British Columbians
    • Provincial holiday:
      British Columbia Day (First Monday in August)
    British Columbia 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 20th, 1871
    • Borders:
      Alaska to the northwest,
      Yukon and the Northwest Territories to the north,
      Alberta to the east, and
      Washington, Idaho and Montana to the south
    • Time zone: UTC -8 and -7
    • Climate: Western mountain and maritime climate. In north: Cold, snowy winters. Southern Vancouver Island: Temperate climate
    British Columbia 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 84 years • Men 80 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (3 506 595),
      Punjabi (137 390),
      Cantonese (103 550),
      Chinese (81 270) and
      Mandarin (78 070)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English,
      Scottish,
      Canadians,
      Irish and
      German
    British Columbia 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox),
      Buddhist and
      Sikh
    • Main universities:
      Simon Fraser University (Burnaby),
      University of British Columbia (Vancouver),
      University of Victoria (Victoria),
      Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Richmond) and
      Thompson Rivers University (Kamloops)
    • Natural resources:
      Forests, Copper, Molybdenum, Coal and Fish
    British Columbia 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Museum of Anthropology (Vancouver)
      Wild Pacific Trail (Ucluelet)
      PEAK 2 PEAK Gondola (Whistler)
      Pacific Rim National Park (Tofino)
      Royal BC Museum (Victoria)
    • Official government site:
      Province of British Columbia (gov.bc.ca)
    British Columbia 5 of 5
  • Population: 3 873 700
  • Land area: 661 848 km2
  • Density: 5,7 pop./km2

Alberta

Fortis et Liber - Strong and free

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-governor:
      Lois Mitchell
    • Premier: Rachel Notley
    • Capital: Edmonton
    • Other big cities:
      Calgary, Red Deer, Lethbridge, Fort McMurray
    • Official languages: English
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym):Albertans
    • Provincial holiday:
      Family Day (Third Monday in February)
    Alberta 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      September 1, 1905
    • Borders:
      British Columbia to the west,
      Saskatchewan to the east,
      Montana to the south and
      the Northwest Territories to the north
    • Time zone: UTC -7
    • Climate: Dry continental climate with hot summers and cold winters
    Alberta 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 83 years • Men 79 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (3 095 250),
      Punjabi (38 215),
      German (35 485),
      Tagalog (Pilipino) (33 190) and
      Chinese (32 395)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English,
      German,
      Canadians,
      Scottish and
      Irish
    Alberta 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Muslim
    • Main universities:
      Athabasca University (Athabasca),
      University of Alberta (Edmonton),
      University of Calgary (Calgary),
      Grant MacEwan University (Edmonton) and
      Mount Royal University (Calgary)
    • Natural resources: Natural gas, Oil, Coal, Iron and Sand
    Alberta 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Banff National Park,
      Royal Tyrrell Museum,
      Winspear Centre,
      Edmonton Symphony and
      Dinosaur Provincial Park
    • Official government site:
      Government of Alberta (alberta.ca)
    Alberta 5 of 5
  • Population: 1 080 000
  • Land area: 651 036 km2
  • Density: 1,8 pop./km2

Saskatchewan

Multis E Gentibus Vires
From many peoples strength

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: Vaughn Schofield
    • Premier: Brad Wall
    • Capital: Regina
    • Other big cities:
      Saskatoon, Estevan, Flin Flon, Humboldt
    • Official languages: English
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym): Saskatchewanians
    • Provincial holiday:
      Saskatchewan Day (First Monday in August)
    Saskatchewan 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      September 1st, 1905
    • Borders:
      The Northwest Territories to the north, bounded by the 60th parallel;
      The southern border with the United States runs along the 49th parallel.
    • Time zone: UTC -6
    • Climate: Temperate continental climate in centre and east. Semiarid steppe climate in south and southwest. Subarctic climate in north
    Saskatchewan 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 82 years • Men 77 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (938 170),
      Cree (10 970),
      Dene (6 205),
      French (4 295) and
      Chinese (3 690)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      German,
      English,
      Scottish,
      Canadians and
      Irish
    Saskatchewan 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Buddhist
    • Main universities:
      First Nations University of Canada (Regina),
      University of Regina (Regina) and
      University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon)
    • Natural resources: Oil, Potassium, Uranium, Gold and Silver
    Saskatchewan 4 of 5
  • Saskatchewan 5 of 5
  • Population: 1 267 000
  • Land area: 647 797 km2
  • Density: 2,2 pop./km2

Manitoba

Gloriosus et Liber
Glorious and free

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: Philip Lee
    • PREMIER: Greg Selinger
    • Capital: Winnipeg
    • Other big cities:
      Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Churchill, Le Pas
    • Official languages: English, French
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym): Manitobans
    • Provincial holiday:
      Louis Riel Day (Third Monday in February)
    Manitoba 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 15th, 1870
    • Borders:
      Saskatchewan to the west,
      Nunavut to the north,
      Ontario to the east and
      North Dakota and Minnesota to the south
    • Time zone: UTC -6
    • Climate: Continental climate
    Manitoba 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy: Women 82 years • Men 77 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (1 007 325),
      German (27 180),
      Tagalog (Pilipino) (18 775),
      French (17 950) and
      Punjabi (7 360)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English,
      German,
      Scottish,
      Canadians and
      Ukrainian
    Manitoba 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Muslim
    • Main universities:
      University of Manitoba (Winnipeg),
      University of Winnipeg (Winnipeg),
      Brandon University (Brandon),
      Canadian Mennonite University (Winnipeg) and University College of the North
    • Natural resources: Copper, Zinc, Nickel, Gold and Fish
    Manitoba 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Manitoba Museum,
      Winnipeg Eskimo Museum,
      Churchill Royal Canadian Mint,
      Winnipeg Grand Beach Provincial Park,
      Winnipeg Art Gallery
    • Official government site:
      Province of Manitoba (gov.mb.ca)
    Manitoba 5 of 5
  • Population: 13 505 900
  • Land area: 1 076 395 km2
  • Density: 14,1 pop./km2

Ontario

Ut incepit fidelis sic permanet
Loyal she began, loyal she remains

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: David Onley
    • Premier: Kathleen Wynne
    • Capital: Toronto
    • Other big cities:
      Ottawa, London, Mississauga, Windsor
    • Official languages: English and French
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym): Ontarians
    • Provincial holiday:
      Civic holiday (First Monday in August)
    Ontario 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1st, 1867
    • Borders:
      Hudson Bay to the north,
      Quebec to the east,
      Manitoba to the west and
      Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York to the south
    • Time zone: UTC -5 and -6
    • Climate: Generally temperate climate
    Ontario 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 84 years • Men 79 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (10 044 810),
      French (284 115),
      Cantonese (147 795),
      Chinese (135 665) and
      Punjabi (124 100)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English,
      Canadians,
      Scottish,
      Irish and
      French
    Ontario 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Muslim
    • Main universities:
      University of Toronto (Toronto),
      York University (Toronto),
      University of Ottawa (Ottawa),
      Ryerson University (Toronto) and
      University of Western Ontario (London)
    • Natural resources:
      Copper, Nickel, Gold and Platinum
    Ontario 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Canadian War Museum (Ottawa),
      Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO),
      Hockey Hall of Fame,
      CN Tower and
      Royal Ontario Museum
    • Official government site:
      Government of Ontario (ontario.ca)
    Ontario 5 of 5
  • Population: 8 054 800
  • Land area: 1 542 056 km2
  • Density: 5,8 pop./km2

Quebec

Je me souviens
- I remember

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: Pierre Duchesne
    • Premier: Philippe Couillard
    • Capital: Quebec City
    • Other big cities:
      Montreal, Gatineau, Saguenay, Trois-Rivières
    • Official languages: French
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym):Quebeckers
    • Provincial holiday:
      Feast of St. John the Baptist (June 24th)
    Quebec 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1st, 1867
    • Borders: Land, river and maritime boundaries with
      • four northeastern states (Maine, New Hampshire, New York and Vermont),
      • three provinces (Ontario, New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador) and
      • a federal territory (Nunavut)
    • Time zone: UTC -5 and -4
    • Climate: Four climate zones: arctic, subarctic, humid continental and eastern maritime
    Quebec 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 83 years • Men 79 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      French (6 249 080),
      English (767 415),
      Spanish (88 380),
      Arabic (72 955) and
      Italian (39 540)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians,
      French,
      Irish,
      Italian and
      English
    Quebec 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Muslim and
      Jewish
    • Main universities:
      University of Montreal (Montreal),
      University of Quebec at Montreal (Montreal),
      Concordia University (Montreal),
      Laval University (Quebec City) and
      McGill University (Montreal)
    • Natural resources:
      Forests, Hydropower, Zinc, Gold, Iron ore and Titanium dioxide
    Quebec 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Old Quebec City,
      Canadian Museum of Civilization (Gatineau),
      Old Montreal,
      Montreal Botanical Garden,
      Mount Royal (Montreal),
      La Mauricie National Park of Canada
    • Official government site:
      Québec Portal (gouv.qc.ca)
    Quebec 5 of 5
  • Population: 756 000
  • Land area: 72 908 km2
  • Density: 10,5 pop./km2

New Brunswick

Spem reduxit
Hope restored

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor:
      Jocelyne Roy-Vienneau
    • Premier: Brian Gallant
    • Capital: Fredericton
    • Other big cities:
      Moncton, Edmundston, Saint John
    • Official languages: English, French
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym): New Brunswickers
    • Provincial holiday:
      New Brunswick Day (First Monday in August)
    New Brunswick 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1st, 1867
    • Borders:
      Maine to the west,
      Quebec to the northwest and
      Nova Scotia to the southeast
    • Time zone: UTC -4
    • Climate: Continental climate
    New Brunswick 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 83 years • Men 78 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (512 110),
      French (209 885),
      Korean (1 580),
      Mi’kmaq (1 025) and
      Chinese (845)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians,
      French,
      English,
      Irish and
      Scottish
    New Brunswick 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox),
      Muslim and
      Jewish
    • Main universities:
      University of New Brunswick (Fredericton and Saint John),
      University of Moncton (Moncton),
      St. Thomas University (Fredericton),
      Crandall University (Moncton) and
      Mount Allison University (Sackville)
    • Natural resources:
      Gold, Silver, Copper, Zinc and Nickel
    New Brunswick 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Hopewell Rocks,
      Roosevelt Campobello International Park,
      Acadian Historical Village (Caraquet),
      Kings Landing Historical Settlement (Lower Prince William),
      New Brunswick Botanical Garden (Edmundston)
    • Official government site:
      New Brunswick Government (gnb.ca)
    New Brunswick 5 of 5
  • Population: 948 700
  • Land area: 55 284 km2
  • Density: 17,4 pop./km2

Nova Scotia

Munit Haec et Altera Vincit
One defends and the other conquers

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: John James Grant
    • Premier: Stephen McNeil
    • Capital: Halifax
    • Other big cities:
      Truro, Sydney, Amherst, Wolfville
    • Official languages:
      English, French and Gaelic
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym):Nova Scotians
    • Provincial holiday:
      Natal Day (First Monday in August)
    Nova Scotia 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1st, 1867
    • Borders:
      The Bay of Fundy, Northumberland Strait and the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the northwest,
      New Brunswick to the west,
      Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland to the northeast and
      the Atlantic Ocean to the east, south and west.
    • Time zone: UTC -4
    • Climate: Humid continental climate
    Nova Scotia 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 82 years • Men 78 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (868 765),
      French (15 935),
      Arabic (3 495),
      Mi’kmaq (2 770) and
      Chinese (1 985)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians,
      Scottish,
      English,
      Irish and
      French
    Nova Scotia 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Muslim
    • Main universities:
      Dalhousie University (Halifax),
      St. Mary’s University (Halifax),
      St. Francis Xavier University (Antigonish),
      Acadia University (Wolfville) and
      Cape Breton University (Sydney)
    • Natural resources:
      Fish, Gypsum, Salt, Silica and Forests
    Nova Scotia 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Cape Breton Highlands National Park (Ingonish),
      Cabot Trail (Cape Breton Island),
      Ocean Explorations Whale Cruises (Tiverton),
      Halifax Public Gardens (Halifax)
    • Official government site:
      Government of Nova Scotia | (novascotia.ca)
    Nova Scotia 5 of 5
  • Population: 146 100
  • Land area: 5 660 km2
  • Density: 24,7 pop./km2

Prince Edward Island

Parva Sub Ingenti
The small protected by the great

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: H. Frank Lewis
    • Premier: Robert Ghiz
    • Capital: Charlottetown
    • Other big cities:
      Alberton, Cornwall, Georgetown, Kensington
    • Official languages: English
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym): Islanders
    • Provincial holiday:
      Islander Day (3rd Monday in February)
    Prince Edward Island 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 1st, 1873
    • Borders:
      The Gulf of St. Lawrence to the north and
      Northumberland Strait the other sides
    • Time zone: UTC -4
    • Climate: Humid continental climate
    Prince Edward Island 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 83 years • Men 78 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (132 200),
      French (2 465),
      Chinese (1 080),
      Mandarin (245) and
      Persian (Farsi) (165)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Scottish,
      Canadians,
      English,
      Irish and
      French
    Prince Edward Island 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Muslim
    • Main universities:
      University of Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown)
    • Natural resources:
      Fish, Potatoes and Forests
    Prince Edward Island 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Confederation Centre of the Arts (Charlottetown),
      Basin Head Provincial Park (Souris),
      Prince Edward Island National Park,
      College of Piping and Celtic Performing Arts of Canada (Summerside),
      Province House National Historic Site of Canada (Charlottetown)
    • Official government site:
      Prince Edward Island (princeedwardisland.ca)
    Prince Edward Island 5 of 5
  • Population: 512 700
  • Land area: 405 212 km2
  • Density: 1,4 pop./km2

Newfoundland and Labrador

Quaerite Primum Regnum Dei
Seek ye first the kingdom of God

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Lieutenant-Governor: Frank Fagan
    • Premier: Tom Marshall
    • Capital: St. John’s
    • Other big cities:
      Corner Brook,
      Mount Pearl
    • Official languages: English
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Newfoundlanders, Labradorians
    • Provincial holiday:
      Discovery Day
      (nearest Monday to June 24)
    Newfoundland & Labrador 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      March 31st, 1949
    • Borders:
      The main land border is with Quebec;
      Short boundary with Nunavut on Killiniq Island in the far north of Labrador
    • Time zone: UTC -3:30
    • Climate: Polar and subarctic climate
    Newfoundland & Labrador 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 81 years • Men 77 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (502 475),
      Innu/Montagnais (1 875),
      French (1 140),
      Chinese (580) and
      Arabic(365)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Canadians,
      English,
      Irish,
      Scottish and
      French
    Newfoundland & Labrador 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox),
      Muslim and
      Hindu
    • Main universities:
      Memorial University of Newfoundland (St. John’s)
    • Natural resources:
      Iron ore, Gold, Copper, Zinc and Cobalt
    Newfoundland & Labrador 4 of 5
  • Newfoundland & Labrador 5 of 5
  • Population: 36 100
  • Land area: 482 443 km2
  • Density: 0,1 pop./km2

Yukon

No official motto

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Commissioner: Douglas George Phillips
    • Premier: Darrell Pasloski
    • Capital: Whitehorse
    • Other big cities:
      Dawson City, Watson Lake, Old Crow,
      Haines Junction
    • Official languages: English, French
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym): Yukoners
    • Provincial holiday:
      Discovery Day (Third Monday in August)
    Yukon 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      June 13th, 1898
    • Borders:
      Alaska over 1,210 km to the west,
      British Columbia along the 60th parallel to the south and
      the Northwest Territories to the east,
      more or less along the divide between the watersheds of the Yukon and the Mackenzie and the Beaufort Sea to the north
    • Time zone: UTC -8
    • Climate: Polar and subarctic climate
    Yukon 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 80 years • Men 75 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (31 025),
      French (81),
      Tagalog (Pilipino) (240),
      German (215) and
      Spanish(100)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      English,
      First Nations,
      Scottish,
      Canadians and
      Irish
    Yukon 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Buddhist
    • Main postsecondary educational institution:
      Yukon School of Visual Arts and
      Yukon College
    • Natural resources:
      Copper, Gold and Silver
    Yukon 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Miles Canyon,
      Yukon Wildlife Preserve,
      Whitehorse MacBride Museum,
      Whitehorse Dawson City Museum,
      Whitehorse Fishway
    • Official government site:
      Government of Yukon (gov.yk.ca)
    Yukon 5 of 5
  • Population: 43 300
  • Land area: 1 346 106 km2
  • Density: 0,03 pop./km2

Northwest Territories

No official motto

    • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
    • Commissioner: George Tuccaro
    • Premier: Bob McLeod
    • Capital: Yellowknife
    • Other big cities:
      Hay River, Inuvik, Fort Smith, Behchoko
    • Official languages:
      English, Chipewyan, Cree, French, Gwich’in,
      Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun,
      North Slavey, South Slavey, Tlicho
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Northwest Territorians
    • Provincial holiday:
      National Aboriginal Day (June 21st)
    Northwest Territories 1 of 5
    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      July 15th, 1870
    • Borders:
      Yukon to the west and Nunavut the east;
      to the south, the 60th parallel marks the boundary with the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan;
      the Arctic Ocean bounds it to the north
    • Time zone: UTC -7
    • Climate: Polar and subarctic climate
    Northwest Territories 2 of 5
    • Life expectancy:
      Women 80 years • Men 76 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      English (36 485),
      French (550),
      Tagalog (Pilipino) (295),
      Dene (170) and
      Vietnamese (145)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      First Nations,
      English,
      Canadians,
      Scottish and
      Irish
    Northwest Territories 3 of 5
    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox),
      Muslim and
      Buddhist
    • Main postsecondary educational institution:
      Aurora College
    • Natural resources:
      Gold, Diamonds, Natural gas and Oil
    Northwest Territories 4 of 5
    • Main tourist attractions:
      Aurora Village (Yellowknife),
      Cameron River Falls Trail (Yellowknife),
      Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre (Yellowknife),
      Wood Buffalo National Park
    • Official government site:
      Government of Northwest Territories (www.gov.nt.ca)
    Northwest Territories 5 of 5
  • Population: 33 700
  • Land area: 2 093 190,00 km2
  • Density: 0,02 pop./km2

Nunavut

ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ᓴᙱᓂᕗᑦ (Nunavut Sannginivut)
Our land, our strength

    • Political system:Parliamentary democracy
    • Commissioner: Edna Elias
    • Premier: Peter Taptuna
    • Capital: Iqaluit
    • Other big cities:
      Arviat and Cape Dorset
    • Official languages:
      Inuit (Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun), English and French
    • Money: Canadian dollar (CAD)
    • Inhabitants (demonym):
      Nunavummiuq (sing.), Nunavummiut (pl.)
    • Provincial holiday:
      Nunavut Day (July 9th)
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    • Date joined Canadian federation:
      April 1st, 1999
    • Borders:
      The Northwest Territories to the west and
      Manitoba to the south;
      Short land boundary with Newfoundland and Labrador to the east on Killiniq Island
    • Time zone: UTC -4, -5, -6 and -7
    • Climate: Polar climate
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    • Life expectancy:
      Women 74 years • Men 69 years
    • Five languages most spoken at home:
      Inuktitut (16 490),
      English (14 440),
      French (245),
      Tagalog (Pilipino) (60),
      Innu/Montagnais (20) and
      Spanish (20)
    • Five most common ethnic origins:
      Inuit,
      Scottish,
      English,
      Irish and
      Canadians
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    • Five most common religions:
      Catholic,
      Protestant,
      Orthodox,
      Christian (not Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) and
      Muslim
    • Main postsecondary educational institution:
      Nunavut Arctic College
    • Natural resources:
      Gold, Zinc, Copper, Lead and Diamonds
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    • Main tourist attractions:
      Legislative Assembly of Nunavut (Iqaluit),
      Auyuittuq National Park (Baffin Island),
      Mallikjuak Island Territorial Park (Cape Dorset),
      Killiniq Island,
      Ellesmere Island
    • Official government site:
      Government of Nunavut (gov.nu.ca)
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