Should Canada have a plan for climate refugees?

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Tuktoyaktuk (pictured above) in Canada's Northwest Territories. Rising seas from global warming and land sinking as permafrost thaws are threatening the Arctic community. A recent study suggests governments need policies to address climate migration from around the world. (Rick Bowmer/AP)
Tuktoyaktuk (pictured above) in Canada’s Northwest Territories. Rising seas from global warming and land sinking as permafrost thaws are threatening the Arctic community. A recent study suggests governments need policies to address climate migration from around the world. (Rick Bowmer/AP)
A new report looking at how climate change around the world will affect human migration, suggests governments need plans to deal with climate refugees.

More specifically it looked at how prepared the west coast province of British Columbia was for what may become an influx of climate migrants or refugees in coming decades, or sooner.

Dr Tim Takaro is co author of the report. He is a professor in occupational and environmental Health in the Faculty of Health Sciences at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia.

The paper is called “ Preparing BC for Climate Migration”

To listen to Radio Canada International’s Marc Montgomery speak with Dr Tim Takaro, click HERE

It notes that many countries of the developing world will be among the hardest hit by the effects of climate change even though they have contributed the least to the greenhouse gasses warming the world and changing climate patterns.

Dr Takaro notes that the various social services in British Columbia designed to help immigrants to settle and adapt into Canadian life, are already stretched to the limit.

He points out that demands will only increase as climate changes force more people around the globe to seek new places to live, Canada among them.

He also says that although the report deals with the situation in British Columbia, it can easily be extrapolated to the entire country, and possibly to other developed countries as well.

Policies not designed to accommodate climate migration

He notes that no level of government  whether regional, provincial, or federal, seems to be planning for what climate migration may require of social or cultural services, nor of infrastructure.

The leadership of our health, housing, policing and other core service systems also seems to be unaware or unconcerned about what climate migration may require of them.

Immigration and refugee policy and practice are not currently designed to accommodate the underlying reality of climate change and migration.

In particular, the report recommends Canada create a new immigration class of “climate migrants” along with targets and programs to ensure Canada absorb its fair share of those migrants.

Key services—including legal, housing and education—should be made available to these migrants, and funding should be allocated to reduce strain on these already-overloaded systems.

Related stories from around the North:

Canada: China-US climate deal puts pressure on Canada, Radio Canada International

Greenland:  Greenland’s northeastern ice sheet starting to melt, Eye on the Arctic

Iceland:  Acid Arctic Ocean and Russell Brand?, by Deutsche Welle’s Iceblogger

Norway: Emissions speeding up Arctic Ocean acidification, Alaska Dispatch

Russia: Melting permafrost eroding Siberian coasts, Deutsche Welle Ice-Blog

Sweden: Sweden could lead way on climate: environment minister, Radio Sweden

United States: Residents from Galena, Alaska return after flooding, Alaska Public Radio Network

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Marc Montgomery, Radio Canada International

Marc Montgomery, Radio Canada International

For more news from around the world visit Radio Canada International.

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