All Canadian citizens aged 18 or older are eligible to vote (even inmates thanks to a Supreme Court decision rendered on October 31, 2002). Only some public office holders, like the chief and assistant chief electoral officers, are ineligible.

Electors can register on the list of electors drawn up from the National Register of Electors. To add their name, they can register at their polling station during the revision period, which ends six days before election day. They can also register at the special-ballot polling station, or at the polling station on election day.

Most electors choose to vote on election day in their riding, at the location given on the information card they receive in the mail.

Electors are permitted to vote by special ballot provided they register at least six days before election day. Special ballots don’t list candidates, so electors must write down the name of the candidate they support.