Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced his new cabinet on Tuesday, with most key northern-related portfolios all fronted by new faces.
“Canadians need a strong and diverse Cabinet to deliver on their priorities and keep Canada moving forward for everyone,” Trudeau said in a news release.
“This team will finish the fight against COVID‑19, deliver on $10-a-day child care, help Canadians find a home of their own, tackle the climate crisis, and continue to advance reconciliation with Indigenous peoples. Together, we will work tirelessly to build a better future for all Canadians.”
Long-time Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett was moved over to the newly-created Mental Health and Addictions portfolio as well as being named associate Minister of Health.
Taking her place in Crown-Indigenous Relations is Marc Miller, the former minister of Indigenous Services.
Until Tuesday, Bennett had been responsible for Indigenous affairs files since the Trudeau government was first elected in 2015.
Long tenure on Indigenous affairs
Bennett started out as minister of what was then called Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).
In 2017, Trudeau split INAC into two different departments, saying at the time that “…There’s a sense that we have pushed the creaky old structures around INAC about as far as they can go.”
(The decision to split INAC into two departments was inspired by recommendations made in the 1996 Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, an inquiry prompted after the Meech Lake Accord defeat and the Oka crisis prompted Canada to reexamine its relationship with Indigenous people.)
Two departments were created in INAC’s place.
New Canadian Cabinet
Chrystia Freelandremains Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance
Omar Alghabraremains Minister of Transport
Anita Anandbecomes Minister of National Defence
Carolyn Bennettbecomes Minister of Mental Health and Addictions and Associate Minister of Health
Marie-Claude Bibeauremains Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food
Bill Blairbecomes President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada and Minister of Emergency Preparedness
Randy Boissonnaultbecomes Minister of Tourism and Associate Minister of Finance
François-Philippe Champagneremains Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Jean-Yves Duclosbecomes Minister of Health
Mona Fortierbecomes President of the Treasury Board
Sean Fraserbecomes Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
Karina Gouldbecomes Minister of Families, Children and Social Development
Steven Guilbeaultbecomes Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Patty Hajdubecomes Minister of Indigenous Services and Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Northern Ontario
Mark Hollandbecomes Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
Ahmed Hussenbecomes Minister of Housing and Diversity and Inclusion
Gudie Hutchingsbecomes Minister of Rural Economic Development
Marci Ienbecomes Minister for Women and Gender Equality and Youth
Helena Jaczekbecomes Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario
Mélanie Jolybecomes Minister of Foreign Affairs
Kamal Kherabecomes Minister of Seniors
David Lamettiremains Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
Dominic LeBlancbecomes Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities
Diane Lebouthillierremains Minister of National Revenue
Lawrence MacAulayremains Minister of Veterans Affairs and Associate Minister of National Defence
Marco E. L. Mendicinobecomes Minister of Public Safety
Marc Millerbecomes Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations
Joyce Murraybecomes Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard
Mary Ngbecomes Minister of International Trade, Export Promotion, Small Business and Economic Development
Seamus O’Regan Jr.becomes Minister of Labour
Ginette Petitpas Taylorbecomes Minister of Official Languages and Minister responsible for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency
Carla Qualtroughremains Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Disability Inclusion
Pablo Rodriguezbecomes Minister of Canadian Heritage and remains Quebec Lieutenant
Harjit S. Sajjanbecomes Minister of International Development and Minister responsible for the Pacific Economic Development Agency of Canada
Pascale St-Ongebecomes Minister of Sport and Minister responsible for the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec
Filomena Tassibecomes Minister of Public Services and Procurement
Dan Vandalbecomes Minister of Northern Affairs, Minister responsible for Prairies Economic Development Canada, and Minister responsible for the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency
Jonathan Wilkinsonbecomes Minister of Natural Resources
The Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs department was created to improve government coordination on nation-to-nation, Inuit-Crown, and government-to-government relationships as well as to accelerate self-government and self-determination agreements with Canada’s Indigenous peoples.
The second department, Indigenous Services, was created to focus on delivering services to First Nations, Inuit and Métis people.
Northern Affairs, Indigenous Services, Environment and Climate Change
Patty Hajdu, the former minister of Health, is the new Minister of Indigenous Services and the minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Northern Ontario.
Steven Guilbeaultis the new Minister of Environment and Climate Change.
After 30 years of fighting climate change outside of government, I am humbled and I am honoured to be given the opportunity to accelerate our fight against climate change as Canada’s new Minister of Environment and Climate Change. pic.twitter.com/vU6zSSdgcK
Eilís Quinn is an award-winning journalist and manages Radio Canada International’s Eye on the Arctic news cooperation project. Eilís has reported from the Arctic regions of all eight circumpolar countries and has produced numerous documentary and multimedia series about climate change and the issues facing Indigenous peoples in the North.
Her investigative report "Death in the Arctic: A community grieves, a father fights for change," about the murder of Robert Adams, a 19-year-old Inuk man from Arctic Quebec, received the silver medal for “Best Investigative Article or Series” at the 2019 Canadian Online Publishing Awards. The project also received an honourable mention for excellence in reporting on trauma at the 2019 Dart Awards in New York City.