In the northern Canadian territory of Nunavut, the Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) has been advised again to place restrictions on development plans in caribou ranges.
The animals are very sensitive to development activities and numbers of several herds have been dropping dramatically in areas throughout Canada.
The Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (BQCMB) is concerned with preserving the two herds of arctic caribou whose migration range includes two territories, two provinces, and four differing native cultures who traditionally depend on caribou for food, clothing, and additional income.
The Board told the planning commission that permits for exploration and development on the herd’s summer grounds will be devastating to the herds and to subsistence hunters.
The board says total protection for calving and post-calving grounds is needed along with a reduction in the pace of development throughout the range.
Earl Evans is a traditional harvester from the town of Fort Smith in Canada’s Northwest Territories and chair of BQCMB. He’s quoted in the Northern Journal saying, “If you look at all the permits in possible places the mines can go, the whole Nunavut countryside is completely covered with interests, and they’re all in different stages of development: some are exploratory, some there’s work going on to different degrees”.
He said, “There’s no stopping development; it’s going ahead. But what we want them to do is scale down the development. It doesn’t have to be so big, such a big glut of development all at once.”
He says the development has been pushing herds west and south, and while development is a serious problem for the herds, ease of access via the many new mining roads also means excess hunting.
Evans said some of the communities are now looking at a total allowable harvest because the drop in caribou numbers is becoming frightening.
He notes that the idea of setting limits for traditional hunters on the number of caribou harvested may anger some who say it’s their right to take the caribou they want. However, Evans says limits will likely be needed as the herds are being hit with a combination of stressors including habitat loss from development, migration disturbance from noise, roads, and other acitivity, and climate change.
The NPC is expected to release its draught land use plan in late June, and then allow public comment with a hearing planned for November.
Related stories from around the Arctic:
Canada: Watch 3,000 reindeer cross frozen river in Arctic Canada (VIDEO), CBC News
Finland: Reindeer glitter to improve road safety in Finland, Yle News
Norway: Reindeer migration (by boat!) in Arctic Norway (VIDEO), Eye on the Arctic
Russia: Counting elusive Finnish forest reindeer in Russian Karelia, Yle News
Sweden: Demand ups Sweden’s reindeer meat prices, Radio Sweden
United States: Alaska’s Western Arctic Caribou Herd numbers continue to slide, Alaska Dispatch