CNN draws fire from Norwegian Army and Moscow’s RT news network for misleading headline. The story spread like wildfire.
Same reporter, same story, two very different locations. All twisted up in a headline that, if true, would have changed the security landscape in northern Europe.
Reporter Nick Paton Walsh followed an exercise in Bardufoss, northern Norway, where American soldiers played war game with tanks and other weaponry. Without telling in the story, he then took the plane to Kirkenes, Norway’s border town in the northeast where the film crew followed a couple of Norwegian border guards along the border to Russia.
It all got mixed up in the headline “The New Cold War: US Marines’ wintry war games on Norway-Russia border.”
Fact: Norway’s border to Russia is 800 kilometers northeast from Bardufoss, if you take the shortcut through Finland. Or same distance as from New York to Toronto.
When CNN published the story, spokesperson for the Norwegian Army Lt Col Ole Johan Skogmo got a busy day. Newsrooms from around the world started to call.
“Yes, we had some pressure from international media,” Skogmo tells to the Barents Observer.
Never NATO exercises close to border
Having American soldiers exercising in eastern Finnmark is an unthinkable situation for Norway. To keep tensions from getting too high during the Cold War, Norway declared more than 50 years ago that no NATO exercises would take place anywhere near to the Russian border.
The story was published at 10.11 GMT on November 30. When the Barents Observer checked the portal around noon Norwegian time, the misleading headline was still top story. Lt Col Skogmo says CNN’s reporter was contacted 06.30 in morning to get the headline changed. At 12.12 GMT on December 1st, CNN took action and updated the story with a new headline. 30 hours after first published.
Asked by the Barents Observer why it took more than a day to correct, Public Relation Coordinator with CNN’s news desk for Europe, Middle East and Africa, Tess Atkinson, refers to the editor’s note now added to the article. “The headline and first paragraph of this article were updated on December 1, 2016 to reflect that the exercises took place some distance from Norway’s border with Russia, outside the town of Bardufoss.”
The news, however, had then spread like wildfire.
British tabloid Daily Star soon reported “In video filmed for a CNN report, tanks that are “normally stored in caves” are seen rolling out to keep an eye on Norway-Russia borders near Kirkenes.”
Swedish media plays war drums
Sweden’s second largest tabloid newspaper Expressen published an article headlined “Here is the US practicing war – on the border to Russia.” Pointing to the northeasternmost Norway, neither Expressen says Bardufoss is a minimum 10 hour drive the Russian border. And far slower if driving a tank.
The article further tells with reference to CNN; “the war exercises include patrolling the Russian border in a winter environment. Sometimes, the border guards can see Russian troops.”
“Never check a good story”
Lt Col Ole Johan Skogmo says the problem with media today is that they are quoting each other without checking facts. “We contact them and ask for correction, but articles have then already been online for some time,” Skogmo says.
The Norwegian Army spokesman is, however, sure that the Russian military is aware that there are no US Marines exercising on Norway’s border in the northeast.
“But this kind of media reports can be used by others for propaganda,” Skogmo tells and says this is a “lesson learned” for the Norwegian Army. “None of us saw this one coming when we invited CNN to follow the exercise. For the future, we might want to see the reports journalists make before being published.”
Media utterly challenged by internet
Ivor Crotty is Head of Social media with RT, the multilingual television network funded by the Russian Government and frequently being called a propaganda outlet for Kremlin. He says to the Barents Observer that the CNN story clearly shows this is a two-way problem in a tenser geopolitical world.
“Many news organizations in the West claim that Russian media presents fake news and misleading information. The moral-panic around so-called fake news is like the war on terror and can never be resolved. CNN’s cartographic cretinism is well known and I’ve grown to expect such from the network. But its important to acknowledge this is also a symptom of a legacy industry utterly challenged by the internet,’ Ivor Crotty says.
“Preparing for war”
Sweden’s Aftonbladet, the largest among the tabloids in the Nordic countries, writes “Norwegian and US soldiers are right now preparing for war above the Arctic Circle – on the doorstep to Russia.”
Aftonbladet later updated its article and removed a paragraph stating that the “Americans are already now on site and are training with their Norwegian colleagues in the snow-covered forest areas outside Kirkenes.”
The newspaper’s video-story is, however, not changed and the Swedish speaking voice-over still claims American soldiers are exercising with Norwegian soldiers in Kirkenes simultaneously as the screening shows a tank crushes through forest in Bardufoss.
A note in the end of the updated articles informs the readers that the exercise takes place near Bardufoss further west.
“The journalists in question should now take a walk from Bardufoss to the Russian border,” says Lars Gyllenhaal, a Swedish author on military history. Living in Piteå, Gyllenhaal is a leading expert on Nordic-Russian security relations in the north.
“I believe the faulty reports are simply a result of sloppy journalism in combination with lack of knowledge about geography,” Lars Gyllenhaal says.
The 800 kilometers from Bardufoss to the Russian border equals the distance from Stockholm to Skellefteå in northern Sweden. Or one and a half time the distance from the Swedish capital to Oslo in Norway.
“It is telling how the Stockholm media even couldn’t remember the standard Swedish word for Arctic Circle – Polcirkeln. They basically just made a rewrite of a misleading CNN report,” Lars Gyllenhaal says.
It is Aftonbladet’s video-report that names the Arctic Circle as “Arktiska cirkeln” in the Swedish voice-over.
Related stories from around the North:
Canada: Politics, media misinformation & #sealfie, Eye on the Arctic
Finland: Arctic journalism – between ultimate freedom and ‘climate of oppression,’ The Independent Barents Observer
Denmark: Nordic information office suspends activities in Russia, Barents Observer
Norway: Media & the Arctic: What happened at Barents Observer?, Eye on the Arctic
Russia: Moscow to set up Arctic media service, Barents Observer
Sweden: Rural citizen journalism and fake news in the spotlight in North Sweden, Radio Sweden
United States: Proposed cuts to public broadcasting funding rile rural Alaska radio, Alaska Dispatch