The indigenous Sami are celebrating their National Day, Monday, beginning a week of events to mark the 100th anniversary of the first Sami congress in 1917.
Feted every year on February 6, the date marks the first Sami congress, which was held in Trondheim, Norway in 1917. The date has been recognized as the Sami National Day since 1993.
The Samis, previously known as Lapps, are the indigenous people of northern Scandinavia, and today they number around 85,000. Twenty thousand live in Sweden, perhaps twice as many in Norway, and smaller numbers in northern Finland and the Kola peninsula in Russia. The samis are regarded as the oldest peoples of Europe.
They once faced oppression of their culture, including bans on use of their native tongue.
Related stories from around the North:
Canada: Arctic missing from Paris climate agreement, Eye on the Arctic
Finland: Indigenous rights under fire says Finnish Saami leader, YLE News
Greenland: What the EU seal ban has meant for Inuit communities in the Arctic, Eye on the Arctic
Norway: Sami ditched from Arctic Frontiers opening speeches, The Independent Barents Observer
Sweden: Sami Blood: A coming-of-age tale set in Sweden’s dark past, Radio Sweden
Russia: Russia brands Arctic indigenous organization as “foreign agent,” Barents Observer
United States: Arctic conference spotlights indigenous issues, Alaska Dispatch News