Norway loses Arctic oil mock trial during Barents Spektakel festival

Law Professor Hans Petter Graver. (Atle Staalesen/The Independent Barents Observer)
The verdict of the court performance staged during the Barents Spektakel festival in Kirkenes is clear: The opening of the Barents Sea to oil drilling is in conflict with the Norwegian Constitution.

For three days, Norwegian Arctic oil was subject to court hearings in downtown Kirkenes, the north Norwegian town.

It was all staged as a performance. A huge outdoor court hall had been erected by tons of ice blocks illuminated by light in Arctic colours. But the case was still real enough. The prosecutor and defender were both law expert and the witnesses leading representatives of key institutions.

At the core of it all  – issues of human existance, climate change and the future of the planet.

Paragraph 112
The trial. (Atle Staalesen/The Independent Barents Observer)

The show titled The Trial of the Century was initiated and headed by artist Morten Traavik and held as part of Barents Spektakel, the festival of contemporary art and music, theatre and performance.

Is oil extraction in the Barents Sea in contradiction with the Norwegian Constitution’s Paragraph 112? Yes, the prosecutor and his witnesses said, arguing that the paragraph prohibits actions which threaten the wellbeing of future generations. No, the defender and his representatives underlined. The courts can not be used to overturn parliament decisions, and the oil industry gives jobs and values needed for good development of society, they said.

Environmentalists sue the state

The performance trial in Kirkenes comes as environmental organisations are preparing a real case against the Norwegian state. On October 18, 2016 Greenpeace Norway and Nature and Youth announced a lawsuit against the Norwegian State for unconstitutionally opening the Barents Sea to oil exploration. It is expected that the court case will take place in the course of 2017.

The Trial of the Century delivered in Kirkenes might have given a taste of what will come. According to Stine Østnor, a representative of Nature and Youth, the performance has relevance for the upcoming real case

«It sends a signal», she says to the Barents Observer.

In the Kirkenes performance, the jury was made up of the audience. The verdict was clear; of the 123 people on site, 74 voted against the state, while the remaining 49 votes rejected the suit.

It was victory for the prosecutor in Kirkenes. But the real case will be far tougher.

The real trial
Hans Petter Graver and Stine Østnor. (Atle Staalesen/The Independent Barents Observer)

Prosecutor Hans Petter Graver doubts that the Kirkenes performance will have any influence on the upcoming proceedings.

«But the performance can contribute to discussion on these important issues», he says.

Graver, a law professor from the University of Oslo, does not exclude that Greenpeace and Nature and Youth could win the real case. But the chances are slim.

«Seen with a traditional legal approach, it is unlikely that they win», he argues to the Barents Observer.

«Our democratic and political bodies both nationally and internationally have failed to address the climate change issue. If people agree with that, the case could get an unexpected outcome».

«Nikel next»

Artist Morten Traavik says Kirkenes was the right place for his performance.

«For me it was clear that these tremendously complex questions would get a special energy by being addressed here north, far away from the Oslo city court, and in the centre of the region which is most affected by climate change».

Despite the serious caracter of the case, he says it has been a surrealistic experience, something like «a Nurnberg process in Narnia».

He does not exclude that the project will get a follow-up. And that neighbouring Russia could be the place.

«Next time we might do it in the border town of Nikel», he says.

Related stories from around the North:

Canada: Arctic offshore drilling too dangerous: Trudeau, Radio Canada International

Russia: Big growth for Russian Arctic oil in 2016, The Independent Barents Observer

Norway: Barents Sea oil champions get more licenses from Norwegian government, The Independent Barents Observer

Russia: No alternative to Arctic oil says Russia environment minister, Barents Observer

Sweden: Swedes discover new Barents oil and gas, The Independent Barents Observer

United States:  Alaska House Democrats introduce oil-tax bill to heated debate, Alaska Dispatch News

Atle Staalesen, The Independent Barents Observer

For more news from the Barents region visit The Independent Barents Observer.

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