Arctic nations develop coast guard co-operation
Despite growing tensions between Russia and NATO in Eastern and Northern Europe, the eight Arctic nations are pushing ahead with an ambitious program to deepen the collaboration of their coast guards in the north.
Representatives of the coast guards of Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, the Russian Federation and the United States, gathered in Oulu, Finland last week for a series of meetings of the Arctic Coast Guard Forum (ACGF) Experts and Principals.
The goal of the meeting was to prepare for the second live exercise to be held by the ACGF off the waters of Finland in early 2019, as well as to explore new possible areas of cooperation, among other things, organizers said.
The first live exercise, code-named Arctic Guardian, was held in September 2017 off the coast of Iceland and involved coast guard vessels from Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and the U.S.
The ACGF was envisioned in 2015 as an operationally-focused, consensus based organization to provide an opportunity for the circumpolar coast guards to focus on issues of common interest in the Arctic, such as search and rescue, emergency response, and icebreaking.
“It’s striking to see that the Arctic Coast Guard Forum has arrived,” said Rebecca Pinkus, head of research at the Center of Arctic Study and Policy, a U.S. Coast Guard research centre based at the Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut.
“It’s grown up, it’s no longer a new forum, it’s now entering fourth year and it’s got a live exercise under its belt, it’s got a couple of tabletop exercises, the delegations are now familiar with each other, there are strong relationships being built and I think that’s a sign of the forum maturing.”
Pinkus, who attended some of the ACGF meetings in Oulu, said the forum manages to insulate itself from the rising political tensions between Russia and the West largely thanks to focusing on its core mission.
“It’s an operators’ forum of coast guards who really focus on getting the job done,” Pincus said. “At the end of the day it’s about doing a better job of saving lives, of responding to emergencies. From my perspective as an observer everyone does a terrific job of not politicizing things.”
Whenever disagreements occur, they’re handled from a pragmatic, practical approach and an understanding of common challenges facing all Arctic nations in responding to emergencies in the north, Pincus said.
“The enormous distances in the Arctic region, the lack of infrastructure or the extreme conditions,” Pinkus said.
“There has been a sharp rise in cruise traffic in the Arctic region over just the last three years and, in particular, that has really generated shared awareness that the stakes are high and that the pragmatic, operationally-based relationship is important to maintain without pulling the focus away to political issues.”
Oil spill response exercise
The meeting of ACGF experts and principals coincided with a meeting of the Arctic Council’s Emergency Prevention and Pollution Response (EPPR) working group and an Arctic oil spill response exercise and seminar organized by the Finnish Environment Institute in close co-operation with Swedish Coast Guard.
OPV Turva off to #Oulu coast. #OilSpill prevention and rescue procedures in real ice conditions. #ACGF #ArcticSea @FIArctic @SYKEinfo @Navyfi @rajaheko @EPPR_Arctic @Merivartiosto @Kustbevakningen pic.twitter.com/g6UkHXr8oh
— Rajavartiolaitos (@rajavartijat) March 7, 2018
The event ran under the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (MOSPA), facilitated by the Arctic Council in 2013, and the Copenhagen agreement.
“I think the Finns are doing a wonderful job with their chairmanship of the Arctic Council,” Pinkus said in a phone interview from New London, Connecticut. “They are pursuing their chairmanship of both the Arctic Council and the Arctic Coast Guard Forum energetically and with a very thought out program.”
Related stories from around the North:
Canada: Arctic nations to sign ‘historic’ coast guard agreement, Radio Canada International
Finland: Pollution, education and climate change resilience top agenda of Arctic Council meeting in Finland, Radio Canada International
Iceland: The Arctic Council at 20 – View from Iceland, Eye on the Arctic
Norway: Arctic nations team up for shipping emergencies, Barents Observer
Russia: Icebreaker escorts up 100% in Russia, The Independent Barents Observer
United States: Arctic nations deepen coast guard cooperation, Radio Canada International