Finland’s endangered Saimaa ringed seal population reaches 400

The Saimaa ringed seal is one of the world’s rarest seal species. (Kari Saastamoinen/Yle)
Conservationists have succeeded in smashing a target for numbers of the rare and severely endangered Saimaa ringed seal, with more than 400 now apparently resident in eastern Finland.

Finland’s state-owned forestry enterprise Metsähallitus estimates that about 410 seals currently live in the Saimaa lake region.

The Environment Ministry’s protection strategy originally set out to raise the ringed real population to 400 by the year 2025, so numbers are now six years ahead of schedule.

A total of 88 Saimaa ringed seal pups were born in the 2019 mating season. More than 80 pups have been born per year for four years running.

The latest population size estimates are based on data on nest locations from 2018-2019, the number of born pups and observations of adult ringed seals sunning on the lake ice.

Seal habitat covers whole lake complex

The Saimaa ringed seal is a unique species, having diverged from other ringed seal species after the end of the most recent glacial period some 9,500 years ago. The isolated species numbered about 270 individuals in 2010, having grown more than 50 percent since then.

Saimaa is the fourth-largest lake in Europe. (Kalle Purhonen/Yle)

The seal’s habitat extends all across the 4,400 square kilometre Saimaa lake district in south-east Finland. The population is very spread out, with communities of some 100 seals existing only in the Pihlajavesi and Haukivesi lakes.

Fishing restrictions, man-made snow banks in warm winters and other measures to ensure safe breeding periods have helped raise the population beyond conservationists’ expectations.

Related stories from around the North:

Canada: Inuit artists criticize Canada’s Green Party leader for opposing commercial seal trade, CBC News

Finland: Finnish petition to ban fishing nets in endangered seal habitats gathers 50,000 signatures, Yle News

Norway: Arctic fox’s rapid journey from Svalbard to Northern Canada stuns researchers, The Independent Barents Observer

Russia: Authorities in northwest Russia move to protect wild reindeer, The Independent Barents Observer

Sweden: Poachers suspected behind dwindling wolf numbers in Sweden, Radio Sweden

United States: Unique freshwater Alaska seals require special conservation efforts, study finds, CBC News

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