In the 2011 census, more than 200 languages were declared as a language spoken at home or as a mother tongue.
Nearly 6.6 million people reported speaking a language other than French or English at home.
Language spoken at home and language spoken on a regular basis
4.7 million people reported speaking another language than English or French most often at home, and nearly 1.9 million people reported speaking these languages on a regular basis as a second language (in addition to French or English).
Mother tongues outside of French and English in the six largest census metropolitan areas
1.8 million people speak their mother tongue at home.
626,000 people speak their mother tongue most often at home. Arabic and Spanish account for almost a third.
712,000 people speak their mother tongue at home. Punjabi is the main immigrant language used at home, followed by Cantonese and Mandarin.
228,000 speak their mother tongue most often at home. Punjabi and Tagalog (Philippines) are the main mother tongues used at home, followed by Chinese (Cantonese and/or Mandarin).
166,000 people speak their mother tongue most often at home. Tagalog and Punjabi are the most widely declared mother tongues spoken at home.
Ottawa – Gatineau:
141,000 people speak their mother tongue most often at home. Arabic and Spanish are the most widely spoken mother tongues at home.
Knowledge of official languages
Language Projection, 2011-2036
In 2036, more than a quarter of the Canadian population would have a mother tongue other than French or English.
Decrease in the proportion of English and French mother tongue populations by 2036
Increased diversity among official language populations.