Kananginak Pootoogook (1935-2010): Pioneering Inuk Artist dies at 75

Kananginak Pootoogook at work in Kinngait Studios February 2009. Photo by William Ritchie.Kananginak Pootoogook, one of Canada’s pioneering Inuit artists, died in an Ottawa hospital Wednesday after a long battle with lung cancer. He was 75.

“It’s a sad, sad day,” said Bob Selley, an Inuit art appraiser at the Inuit Gallery of Vancouver. “We’ve lost one of our great, first generation Inuit artists. We’re just so, so fortunate that his work will live on.”

Pootoogook was born in 1935 in Ikirasaq, an Inuit camp in Canada’s Arctic. His art career began after he moved to Cape Dorset, a small island community off the southwest coast of Baffin Island.

There he began working with James Houston, a Canadian artist who had settled in the community and taught local Inuit to make prints.

Starting in 1959, the prints produced in Cape Dorset were released in an annual collection. Two Sea Pigeons (1959) by Kananginak Pootoogook. Image courtesy of Dorset Fine Arts.The Cape Dorset prints of Arctic nature and traditional Inuit life were a hit in the art world and a favourite of collectors. The collection became an international phenomenon and is now sold in galleries all over the world.

Pootoogook was involved in the Cape Dorset collection from the beginning, both as a printer and as an artist.

Over the course of his career, he became best known for his prints depicting nature and the evolution of the traditional Inuit life he grew up in, especially those reflecting on Inuit’s first contacts with Europeans.The First Tourist (1992) by Kananginak Pootoogook. Image courtesy of Dorset Fine Arts.

His 1992 work “The First Tourist” features a white tourist motioning to a local Inuk to stay still while he takes a picture.

Bill Ritchie, the manager of Cape Dorset’s Kinngait Studios, says Pootoogook’s death is a huge loss for the art world.

“Kananginak is the guy that made The New Raw possible,” Ritchie said, referring to the up-and-coming generation of iconoclastic contemporary Inuit artists from Canada chronicling climate and social change in the North.

“Sure sometimes he didn’t like the underwear pictures the younger artists were doing,” Ritchie said over the phone from Cape Dorset’s Kinngait Studios. “But before he got sick, I remember coming into the studio and seeing him sitting and chatting with the younger (contemporary) artists like Jutai (Toonoo) and Tim (Pitsiulak). They appreciated him and he appreciated them.”

Over the course of his career, Pootoogook racked up achievement after achievement. Great Big Bear (2003) by Kananginak Pootoogook. Image courtesy of Dorset Fine Arts.

He was elected a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts in 1980. Most recently, he received a 2010 National Aboriginal Achievement Award for his artistic accomplishments.

“I see him as an artistic pioneer of a certain kind of Inuit art,” said Robert Kardosh, curator of the Marion Scott Gallery in Vancouver, British Columbia. “Especially his explorations of the evolution of Inuit life after first contact with white people.

“He was very unique in that he was a great observer,” Kardosh continues. “His work wasn’t just about keeping a physical record of his subjects. It was about depicting their behaviour and the inner workings of their intelligence. It’s something he applied not only to the human world but to the animal world as well.”

Pat Feheley, director of Toronto’s Feheley Fine Arts and a longtime friend of the artist, said Pootoogook had recently taken up large format drawings and was on the cusp of an exciting new phase of his artistic career.

“There was a renewed energy in his work that was just so exciting,” Feheley said Wednesday, shortly before boarding a plane to Ottawa to be with Pootoogook’s son and widow in Ottawa. “Now his life has been cut tragically short and we’ll miss out on seeing exactly where he was intending to go with it.”

Jimmy Manning, a close friend of Pootoogook’s who often worked as his translator, said Cape Dorset hasn’t just lost one of its most prominent artists, but also one of the pillars of the community.

Drawing (2009-2010) by Kananginak Pootoogook. The artist had recently begun experimenting with large format drawings like this one. Image courtesy of Dorset Fine Arts.“Kananginak cared about everybody,” Manning said from his home in Cape Dorset just moments before leaving to be with members of the Pootoogook family. “He didn’t want any Inuit family to go hungry. He was one of our wisest and most trusted advisors.

“He told us both how to live well and live good.”

Reached at his home in Toronto, Terry Ryan, who managed Kinngait Studios for 40 years, said Pootoogook came to be one of his closest friends.

“He was the first person I met when I arrived in Cape Dorset on a ship from southern Canada in 1960,” Ryan said. “He was going out hunting and he said I could stay in his home while I was getting settled.”

“I’m looking at a photo from that time, right now,” Ryan said sighing. Drawing (2010) by Kananginak Pootoogook. Image courtesy of Dorset Fine Arts.“He was quiet and gentle with a real poise and dignity. But also a terrific sense of humour. And he maintained those qualities his entire life.”

“I’m still shocked at the news of his passing. He’ll be very sorely missed.”

Pootoogook’s family say the artist rarely talked about his work to them, and that more than anything, they’d like him to be remembered for his genorosity and wisdom.

“He taught me hunting and the way I should take care of a family,” said Pootoogook’s son Kavavaok, 49, who had accompanied his father to Ottawa. “He hunted for others and distributed traditional food in the community. More than anything, my father was kind.”

Shooyoo, Pootoogook’s wife since 1957, said these qualities are what she’d like people to remember most about her husband.

“He was kind, loving and gentle,” she said over the phone through an Inuktitut interpreter. “I will miss him greatly but I am so thankful for all that he gave me and all that he brought to my life.”

Service and funeral arrangements have yet to be announced.

Pootoogook is survived by his wife Shooyoo, several children and grandchildren, and a large extended family.

Click here for a retrospective of Kananginak Pootoogook’s work in the Eye on the Arctic photo gallery.


Eilís Quinn, Eye on the Arctic

Eilís Quinn is an award-winning journalist and manages Radio Canada International’s Eye on the Arctic news cooperation project. Eilís has reported from the Arctic regions of all eight circumpolar countries and has produced numerous documentary and multimedia series about climate change and the issues facing Indigenous peoples in the North.

Her investigative report "Death in the Arctic: A community grieves, a father fights for change," about the murder of Robert Adams, a 19-year-old Inuk man from Arctic Quebec, received the silver medal for “Best Investigative Article or Series” at the 2019 Canadian Online Publishing Awards. The project also received an honourable mention for excellence in reporting on trauma at the 2019 Dart Awards in New York City.

Her report “The Arctic Railway: Building a future or destroying a culture?” on the impact a multi-billion euro infrastructure project would have on Indigenous communities in Arctic Europe was a finalist at the 2019 Canadian Association of Journalists award in the online investigative category.

Her multimedia project on the health challenges in the Canadian Arctic, "Bridging the Divide," was a finalist at the 2012 Webby Awards.

Her work on climate change in the Arctic has also been featured on the TV science program Découverte, as well as Le Téléjournal, the French-Language CBC’s flagship news cast.

Eilís has worked for media organizations in Canada and the United States and as a TV host for the Discovery/BBC Worldwide series "Best in China."

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