Eye on the Arctic: How would you sum up Arctic news this year in just one word?
Mia Bennett: Hopeful. We had Cop21 and reached an agreement. Obama visited the Arctic, the first sitting president to go there. Shell didn’t come up with any oil in its well which is hopeful for environments. And then, continued relative peace between Russia and the West in the Arctic.
What were the three most important Arctic stories of 2015?
Shell’s retreat from offshore Alaska: I think this was a major disappointment to many in Alaska where 90 per cent of the GDP comes from oil. But at the same time it was heartening for many environmentalists. On top of that, putting the nail in the coffin for Arctic oil in America, Obama has cancelled the oil lease sales in 2016 and 2017. So this is a big story for the American Arctic.
COP 21: Although this isn’t directly related to the Arctic, I think the whole idea that world leaders have finally recognized that there is a climate problem and they need to limit warming to below two degrees Celsius is a big step in the right direction. This is good news for the Arctic even though the Arctic still needs a lot more in order for the situation environmentally to begin to return to normal – if that’s even possible.
What was the most overlooked northern story or issue of 2015? Canadian election and its implications for the Arctic. It’s a big deal that Liberal Justin Trudeau was elected and (Conservative) Stephen Harper’s decade-long reign is over. With that we’re possibly seeing the end to Harper’s very aggressive, muscular ‘Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic’ line. I think there needed to be more drilling down and questioning Trudeau on how he would like to see the region evolve.
What will you be watching for in 2016?
Mining in Greenland:Two years ago the Greenlandic parliament overturned a ban on uranium mining which had been in existence since the 80s. We’re already starting to hear about companies applying for mining licence applications so we’ve possibly reached the crest of the wave where we might actually see more mining taking place.
Price of Oil: Prices are still predicted to drop lower which is not good for the Arctic oil industry since they have high break-even points, at least $50 if not $90, in many parts of the Arctic. This could jeopardize Norway’s desire to push farther north or especially Russia which is very much looking forward to developing its offshore continental shelf.
Climate change: This year for example we’re having El Niño at more southern latitudes and this could potentially push a lot of heat up into the Arctic and that could exacerbate, say, melting of the Greenland ice sheet. I think all these global climate connections are going to be important to watch.
The above Q&A has been edited and abridged.
Listen to the full Eye on the Arctic interview with Mia Bennett:
Eilís Quinn is an award-winning journalist and manages Radio Canada International’s Eye on the Arctic news cooperation project. Eilís has reported from the Arctic regions of all eight circumpolar countries and has produced numerous documentary and multimedia series about climate change and the issues facing Indigenous peoples in the North.
Her investigative report "Death in the Arctic: A community grieves, a father fights for change," about the murder of Robert Adams, a 19-year-old Inuk man from Arctic Quebec, received the silver medal for “Best Investigative Article or Series” at the 2019 Canadian Online Publishing Awards. The project also received an honourable mention for excellence in reporting on trauma at the 2019 Dart Awards in New York City.