Canada comes out in favour of heavy fuel oil ban in Arctic

A cargo ship in front of the community of Cambridge Bay in Canada’s eastern Arctic territory of Nunavut on September 2, 2017. The Canadian government announced on Tuesday it will support an international ban on heavy fuel oils in Arctic shipping. (Jason Franson/The Canadian Press)
Canada announced its support of an international heavy fuel oil (HFO) ban in the Arctic on Tuesday, saying it favours a phased-in approach that would allow time for the economic impacts on northern communities to be addressed.

“Canada is proud to play a leadership role at the International Maritime Organization by supporting this ban and is committed to continue working with other countries, northern residents and marine stakeholders to help reduce economic impacts on northern communities,” Canada’s Transport Minister Marc Garneau said in a news release. 

Canada was one of the last Arctic countries to weigh in on the ban. Now, only Russia has not come out in favour of the initiative.

Heavy fuel oil describes the dense, viscous, low-cost fuels that are still mainly used in international shipping. In Canada, it’s the main fuel used in ships that resupply the country’s Arctic fly-in communities, as well as in bulk carriers. Transport Canada describes the fuel as slower to evaporate than other fuels, which makes it more prone to getting trapped in ice, making recovery a challenge.

The topic of the heavy fuel oil ban was a complex issue in Canada, a country where there are both huge concerns around protecting the fragile Arctic eco-system, especially in a region with very little infrastructure and response capabilities. But there are also fears on how a ban could drive up prices in the North where food and equipment costs are already several times higher than in the southern part of the country, at the same time that the median income in the Arctic can be more than 50 per cent lower in some places compared to southern Canada.

Transport Canada went through a consultation process on the social and economic impacts of a possible heavy fuel oil ban in the Arctic that closed on June 28, 2019.

Impact assessment

The International Maritime Organization is tackling the question of an international heavy fuel oil ban in the Arctic this week where the sub-committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR) is meeting in London until February 21. 

The International Maritime Organization’s Sub-Committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR 7) meeting in London on February 17, 2020. (International Maritime Organization)

Canada’s impact assessment to the sub-committee on Pollution Prevention and Response, regarding the HFO ban, outlines the many environmental and health benefits to phasing out the fuel, including safeguarding the marine habitat and wildlife many Indigenous communities depend on, but says costs to northern communities would increase.

“A Northbound 20’ Merchant Container currently costing $5,000 to ship … could cost approximately $5,650-$6,000 under an HFO ban,” the report says.

“These fuel price increases could increase household expenditures by CAD$248-CAD$679 per household per year.”

The Canadian chapter of the Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC), an organization that represents the approximately 180,000 Inuit in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Chukotka, Russia,  and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, the organization that represents Inuit in Canada’s eastern Arctic territory of Nunavut, told Eye on the Arctic nobody was immediately available for comment on Canada’s announcement but said they would be issuing statements later on Tuesday.

Industry could also be affected

Canada’s impact assessment also said an international HFO ban in the Arctic could also negatively impact Canadian industry in the North.

“The increased costs associated with the proposed HFO ban could impact the competitiveness of Canada’s mining sector and Canada’s only northern port shipping grain overseas,” the report said.

An update on HFO ban discussions at the London PPR meeting is expected on Friday.

Heavy fuel oil has been banned in Antarctica since 2011.

Write to Eilís Quinn at eilis.quinn(at)cbc.ca

Related stories from around the North:

Canada: IMO to tackle possible Arctic heavy fuel oil ban starting Monday, Eye on the Arctic

Finland: Finland investigates oil leak risks from Baltic Sea shipwrecks, Yle News

Iceland: Iceland to restrict heavy fuel oil use in territorial waters, Eye on the Arctic

Norway: LNG-reloading operations end in Norway’s Arctic waters, The Independent Barents Observer

Russia: Shipping figures rising on Russia’s Northern Sea Route, The Independent Barents Observer

United States: Carnival Corporation ships switch to cleaner fuel on Arctic cruises, Radio Canada International

Eilís Quinn, Eye on the Arctic

Eilís Quinn, Eye on the Arctic

Eilís Quinn is an award-winning journalist and manages Radio Canada International’s Eye on the Arctic news cooperation project. Eilís has reported from the Arctic regions of all eight circumpolar countries and has produced numerous documentary and multimedia series about climate change and the issues facing Indigenous peoples in the North.

Her investigative report "Death in the Arctic: A community grieves, a father fights for change," about the murder of Robert Adams, a 19-year-old Inuk man from Arctic Quebec, received the silver medal for “Best Investigative Article or Series” at the 2019 Canadian Online Publishing Awards. The project also received an honourable mention for excellence in reporting on trauma at the 2019 Dart Awards in New York City.

Her report “The Arctic Railway: Building a future or destroying an culture?” on the impact a multi-billion euro infrastructure project would have on Indigenous communities in Arctic Europe was a finalist at the 2019 Canadian Association of Journalists award in the online investigative category.

Her multimedia project on the health challenges in the Canadian Arctic, "Bridging the Divide," was a finalist at the 2012 Webby Awards.

Her work on climate change in the Arctic has also been featured on the TV science program Découverte, as well as Le Téléjournal, the French-Language CBC’s flagship news cast.

Eilís has worked for media organizations in Canada and the United States and as a TV host for the Discovery/BBC Worldwide series "Best in China."

One thought on “Canada comes out in favour of heavy fuel oil ban in Arctic

  • Avatar
    Thursday, February 20, 2020 at 06:52
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    Canada’s support for the ban comes during this week’s meeting of the IMO.It will damage Canada’s industry in north sector as well. while domestic impact assessment of the proposed heavy fuel oil ban in the Arctic based. It has also been estimated that the clean-up costs for an HFO spill in the Arctic .i think they should have banned all over the place.

    Reply
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