Police in Arctic Norway say helicopter now needed for border surveillance

Norway deployed a police helicopter on the border with Russia for a short period last fall. Chief of Police, Ellen Katrine Hætta (left), wants it to come back for mid-winter search- and surveillance missions. (Thomas Nilsen/The Independent Barents Observer)

A former commander with the Kremlin-linked Wagner private military company fled across the border to Norway in dramatic circumstances last Friday. Local police fear life and health are at risk if more illegal border crossers are coming in the polar night with temperatures down to minus 25 Celsius.

“I believe we need to have the police helicopter stationed here in Kirkenes in the phase we are in today. It is often minus 25 degrees and still dark for larger parts of the day,” says Ellen Katrine Hætta to the Barents Observer.

She is Chief of Police in Finnmark and in charge of Norway’s control along the 198 km border with Russia.

“There is a human aspect in regard to our preparedness along the external border,” she underlines.

“If people cross the border illegally or attempt to do so in order to get to Norway, there can be a danger to life and health in addition to the security situation itself,” Hætta says.

“It is crucial to find people in the terrain quickly in order to save lives.”

The police choppers are equipped with high-definition infrared cameras, making it possible to find people in the darkness.

Crucial to have extra capacities, say police 

The border follows the Pasvik River, the creek in Grense Jakobselv and over the Jarfjord mountain. For the most far into the wilderness where it can take hours before Norwegian military border guards patrolling on snowmobiles and skies can reach.

It was dramatic when the Wagner defector ran in the cold across the Pasvik River in the middle of the night on Friday. FSB Border Guards started to shoot as they tracked the man’s footprints in the snow towards the border line which follows the deepest part of the ice-frozen river.

The Pasvik River forms the border between Russia and Norway. FSB has set up a barbed-wired fence in distance from the shores to hinder Russians escaping the country. (Thomas Nilsen/The Independent Barents Observer)

The Chief of Police wants the helicopter back north. Norway has three AW169 police helicopters based outside Oslo as well as one external private-owned helicopter in Tromsø on stand-by for police missions in Northern Noway. Tromsø, however, is an hour and a half flying time to the country’s border with Russia.

One of the Oslo-based choppers flew north last October but stayed only for a short period. This was a few weeks after Vladimir Putin announced mobilization of young men, and Norwegian authorities feared people without a valid Schengen visa could be tempted to leave Russia in the terrain.

Hætta notes that Norway must fulfill its international obligations on border control in accordance with the Schengen agreement.

“It is crucial to have extra attention and capacities for control missions along the Norwegian-Russian border,” she says.

The police in Finnmark have coordinated plans with the Finnish Border Guards who also have raised preparedness due to the dramatic developments in Russia. Both Norway and Finland are Schengen members and participate in Frontex, the European Union’s coordination agency for external border controls.

The Barents Observer has sent questions to Norway’s Minister of Justice and Public Safety, Emilie Enger Mehl, about the possible deployment of a helicopter in Kirkenes. The questions are for now unanswered.

Related stories from around the North: 

Canada: Canada extends continental shelf claim, increasing overlaps with Russia in Arctic, Eye on the Arctic

FinlandHundreds of foreign soldiers join military exercise in Arctic Finland, The Independent Barents Observer

Greenland: Local company’s $3.95-billion U.S. arctic base contract “good news” says Greenland, Eye on the Arctic

Norway: Scandinavian fighter jets in joint training with American B-52 bombers above Arctic Circle, The Independent Barents Observer

Russia: Strengthen border to Nordic countries, says secretary of Russia’s Security Council, The Independent Barents Observer

SwedenNorway, Finland, Sweden prioritize North in updated statement, Eye on the Arctic

United States: U.S. Coast Guard talks Arctic at recent summit, Eye on the Arctic

Thomas Nilsen, The Independent Barents Observer

For more news from the Barents region visit The Independent Barents Observer.

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