Canada’s highest court has ruled against tobacco giant Philip Morris International in its dispute with British Columbia over access to detailed provincial health databases to ensure the fairness of a multibillion-dollar damages trial.
In a unanimous ruling today, the Supreme Court of Canada says the province cannot legally allow Philip Morris International to see raw data that contains individual health care information, even if that data is rendered anonymous.
Writing for the court, Justice Russell Brown found the health care databases Philip Morris was after contained information about individuals whose privacy the province is obligated to protect.
The ruling clears a key hurdle in B.C.’s 17-year-old battle to sue cigarette companies to recoup billions spent by the province on treating smoking-related health problems.
The decision could also have an effect across the country, as all 10 provinces have filed legal suits seeking a total of more than $120 billion in damages from tobacco firms.
Some companies agreed to B.C.’s offer of access to health databases that include aggregate data but not individual-level files that the province argued could compromise privacy, even with personal identifiers removed.
Philip Morris, however, took exception and successfully challenged the province’s stance in the B.C. Supreme Court and the decision was upheld by the B.C. Court of Appeal, prompting the province to take its case to the Supreme Court of Canada.
With files from The Canadian Press