Canada has what is known as “universal health care” which means in most cases, everyone has access to medical care including hospitalization and surgeries, costs of which are for the most covered entirely by the government. Doctors and institutions do not bill patients but instead bill the government for services rendered which are paid for through public taxes.
This public health care system has been often challenged by medical staff seeking to operate private surgical clinics for users who have the financial means to pay for quicker care in the private clinics. There have long been opponents to this ‘two-tiered’ system which they say would erode the universal health care system and negatively affect those less well-off, the elederly, and others with chronic conditions. Another concern is the siphoning off of medical professionals from the public system for the private sector.
Now in British Columbia at least one long legal battle over the issue seems to have come to an end with a B.C. Supreme Court ruling yesterday.
Dr. Brian Day opened his private surgical clinic in 1996, and began legal challenge to B.C medical laws in 2009. The Medical Protection Act which says that for medically necessary surgery, doctors cannot bill the government for services performed in the public system while also earning money from private clinics through billing patients or their insurance companies.
The exception is for workers compensation patients.
Dr Day challenges the law on constitutional grounds stating that the often long waiting times for elective surgeries violate Canadian rights to ” life, liberty and security of the person”. He argued that patients have a right to pay for quicker care when wait times are too long in the public system.
B.C. Justice John Steeves ruled against Dr Day saying the Medical Protection Act is focussed on providing necessary care and not ‘ability to pay’.
Justice Steeves also seemed to agree with provincial and federal lawyers about erosion of the universal health care system. In his decision he disagreed with Dr Day’s claim and indicated that offering private surgeries “would not decrease wait times in the public system and there is expert evidence that wait times would actually increase. This would cause further inequitable access to timely care”.
At a news conference after the decision, provincial. Health Minister Adrian Dix was happey with the decision saying “The ruling emphasizes the strength and the importance of public heath care, which is a cornerstone of our identity in British Columbia,
He also noted a section in the 800 page decision with testimony from some physicians that wait time for surgery has been improving.
The Canadian Union of Public Employees has long been concerned about privatisation of the public health care system. In a statement yesterday applauding the court ruling CUPE said, Health care in Canada is a right, not a market commodity. This is a decisive win for universal public health care in Canada,. Our health care system doesn’t need more venture capitalists, it needs more funding, beds, and health care workers to help improve quality of care and reduce wait times and backlogs”.
Dr Day has so far not commented on the decision, but had indicated in the past he may appeal such a decision, presumably to the Supreme Court of Canada, on the grounds that private health care is a right that should be extended to all Canadians beyond B.C.
- CBC: Sep 10/20: Private Vancouver clinic loses constitutional challenge of public health care rules
- Canadian Press (Huffpost Cda): C Bains: Sep 9/20: B.C. Supreme Court rules against legalizing private health care
- Globe and Mail: S Fine: A look at the B.C Supreme Court ruling and where Brian Day’s challenge may go from here
- CUPE: Sep 10/20: Lauds court ruling