One-third more women in Canada die from stroke than do men and, if they survive, women are 60 per cent less likely to regain their independence, according to a report by the non-profit Heart & Stroke.
Women are less likely to return home after a stroke and twice as many women as men go to long-term care. Less than half of stroke patients who participate in rehabilitation are women.Listen
Older, poorer, isolated, more at risk
“One reason is that women have strokes when they’re older. So, they’re about four or five years older on average than men when they have their first stroke,” says Patrice Lindsay, director of stroke at Heart & Stroke. “At that point, they’re in their 70s or 80s. They also have other health conditions that have weakened them. So, the stroke hits that much harder. And they either die or they’re left with more disability after the stroke. ”
Older women are more likely to have risk factors like high blood pressure or irregular heartbeat. Social factors make a difference. Women are more likely to be widowed, living alone and have financial limitations which make it difficult for them to get to doctor’s appointments or rehabilitation.
Indigenous women have more risk factors
Indigenous women are at greater risk for stroke because they have a higher incidence of high blood pressure and diabetes, many have difficulty getting the fruit and vegetables that make up a healthy diet, and they often have limited access to health care. South Asian women and women of African descent are also at higher risk.
Women are not sufficiently aware of their risk of stroke or the warning signs, says Lindsay. About 70 per cent don’t know of any main risk factors and only one quarter know that high blood pressure is the top risk. The signs someone is having a strike are described by the FAST mnemonic: It asks is the face drooping, is the person unable to raise both arms, is speech slurred or jumbled. If the answer is yes, it’s time to call an ambulance and get the person to hospital.
Women often must advocate, says Lindsay
If women experience these symptoms, Lindsay says they may have to advocate for themselves to get proper treatment. “A lot of times women will present at hospital and other diagnoses will be given first like anxiety or migraine.
“And women know their own bodies. They know when something’s wrong and they really have to speak up. They have to speak up for themselves, to push the system and say ‘something’s really wrong. I need it (to be) investigated.’ So, women have to be their own advocates and that’s really hard.”