Canada will not recognize the results of yesterday’s “illegitimate and anti-democratic” presidential election that saw incumbent Socialist leader Nicolas Maduro re-elected for another six-year term, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said Monday.
In response to Maduro’s win, Ottawa will downgrade its diplomatic relations with Venezuela restrict its engagement with the government in Caracas, Freeland said.
As a result, the Canadian embassy in Venezuela will be headed by a chargé d’affaires rather than a full-fledged ambassador, Freeland said.
“The Maduro regime has once again failed its people by restricting Venezuelans’ rights and liberty and by preventing the free participation of opposition parties,” Freeland said. “Canada rejects the Venezuelan electoral process—and its results—as not representing the democratic will of Venezuela’s citizens.”
‘Caricature of democracy’
Canada has imposed two rounds of targeted sanctions to date and continues to coordinate with international partners to pressure the Maduro regime to restore democracy in Venezuela, Freeland said.
However, she did not say whether Canada is considering joining the sanctions against Venezuela’s all-important oil sector, proposed by her U.S. counterpart State Secretary Mike Pompeo.
Canada will maintain the existing ban on Canada’s support for Venezuelan candidacies to multilateral and international organizations, such as the United Nations, will impose a ban on formal bilateral military cooperation and forbid Canadian officials from attending international or multilateral meetings and events hosted by or in Venezuela, Freeland said.
Ottawa will also restrict the issuance of invitations to senior Venezuelan government and military officials to attend events in or hosted by Canada, “except where directly relevant to Canadian policy priorities,” Freeland said.
“Canada stands by the people of Venezuela and will continue to oppose the Maduro dictatorship,” Freeland said. “The Maduro regime’s caricature of democracy and abuse of human rights do not serve Venezuelans; they deserve better.”
Ottawa’s reaction followed a blistering statement on Monday by the 14-nation “Lima Group” of countries in the Americas from Canada to Brazil, announcing that they did not recognize the legitimacy of the vote and would be downgrading diplomatic relations.
The group deplored Venezuela’s “grave humanitarian situation” behind a migrant exodus and promised to help co-ordinate with international financial bodies to crack down on corruption and block loans to the government.
Spain, which has led European Union criticism of Maduro, also weighed in.
“Venezuela’s electoral process has not respected the most basic democratic standards. Spain and its European partners will study appropriate measures and continue to work to alleviate Venezuelans’ suffering,” tweeted Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy.
Foreign ministers of Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Mexico and the U.S. meeting on the sidelines of the G20 Meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers in Buenos Aires also issued a joint statement saying the election was “a clear confirmation of the breakdown of democratic institutions in Venezuela.”
“Faced with this result, the governments making this Declaration will consider possible political and economic-financial measures sanctioning Maduro’s authoritarian regime, while seeking not to affect the Venezuelan people, the primary victims of this breakdown of democratic institutions in Venezuela,” said the joint declaration.
“We reiterate that a solution to the crisis in Venezuela must be reached peacefully and with Venezuelans themselves taking a leading role.”
‘The revolution is here to stay’
The 55-year-old successor to late leftist leader Hugo Chavez hailed his win as a victory against “imperialism.”
“The revolution is here to stay!” a jubilant Maduro told the crowd.
The former bus driver promised to prioritize economic recovery after five years of crippling recession that has seen many in the OPEC nation of 30 million people struggle with chronic shortages of food, medicines and other basic necessities, as well as hyperinflation that nears 14,000 per cent.
But his main challengers, Henri Falcon and Javier Bertucci, alleged irregularities and refused to recognize the result.
In addition, Venezuela’s main opposition alliance boycotted the elections and the most prominent opposition figures — activist Leopoldo Lopez and two-time presidential contender Henrique Capriles — were banned from holding office.
Maduro took 68 percent of votes – more than three times as many as his main rival, Falcon. However, turnout was a low 46 percent, compared with 80 percent at the last presidential election in 2013.
The results of the elections confirm that the left-wing popular Chavismo movement founded by Chavez is still the predominant force in Venezuela, said Raul Burbano, of Common Frontiers, an umbrella group of labour and civil society organizations.
“It’s clear that the Venezuelans have en masse rejected the project of the opposition,” Burbano said in a phone interview from Caracas, where he led a delegation representing Canadian labour and ecumenical organizations who were invited by Venezuelan labour movement to observe the election.
“The Bolivarian Chavista sector of the population that elected Hugo Chavez back in 1998 today gave the same mandate to Maduro.”
‘A very peaceful orderly process’
The team of seven Canadian observers who were part of a larger group of 250 election monitors from 60 countries did not see any election irregularities, intimidation or coercion, despite what’s being claimed by the opposition and Western governments hostile to Maduro Socialist government, Burbano said.
“From six o’clock in the morning people were out voting, there were large lineups outside different voting centres,” Burbano said. “What we saw was a very peaceful orderly process. It looked like any ordinary democratic voting process.”
The election monitors who visited several polling stations across Caracas and Vargas state did not observe anyone from being prevented from voting, Burbano said. After the polling stations closed and the vote count began, the election monitors were able to witness a public audit of the votes, he said.
Opposition claims of vote rigging should be taken with a grain of salt, Burbano said.
“They call for an election, they participate in the election process, they lose in the election process most of the time and then they complain that they’re stopped,” Burbano said. “However, when they win in the political process, for example during the 2015 General Assembly elections, the election system works just fine.”
Burbano said he regrets Canada’s policy of disengaging with Venezuela and shunning the Maduro government.
“I believe that we should be working with the Venezuelan government to strengthen their democracy, to strengthen the economy and to support the participatory process and move away from the sanctions because historically sanctions have not benefited the people, if anything, they hurt people, the average Venezuelan,” Burbano said.
With files from Reuters
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