A team at McGill University is looking to increase and improve the use of drones to study wildlife, specifically bats, birds and insects. The team has long been studying the use of drones for the observation of birds, but it wants to perfect the techniques to collect valuable data and at the same time, minimize the disturbance to the animals.
One of the goals is to build an effective tracking device to be carried by a drone to detect signals from bats wearing radio transmitters and to determine their location. The team has made progress radio-tracking songbirds in boreal forests, monarch butterflies in open fields and bats in the southern Ontario. It also seeks to find roosting bats across a large area and to track species in rapid decline due to a disease known as White Nose Syndrome.
Modified rotary drones help in studying raptors
The team also wants to develop a method to survey raptors which nest in cavities. Some of these birds are large and aggressive so it is difficult to get close to study them. The stress on the birds can cause them to abandon their nests, lose eggs or young, and even to kill their young. The stress could be minimized by using a modified rotary drone.
The team would also like to perfect a system for sampling aerial insects which are food for songbird populations suffering steep declines. It’s estimated that there are now less than 30 per cent the number of insects that were present 50 years ago.
The team is made up of Kyle Elliot, an avian ecologist and assistant professor of wildlife biology at McGill, David Bird, emeritus professor of wildlife biology, bird book author, and the founding editor of the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems and Paul Pace, a retired aeronautical engineer and military scientist who formerly taught courses at Carleton University.